Are you considering getting a Taiwan Dog breed as your next furry companion? If so, you’re in for a treat! These dogs are known for their loyalty, intelligence, and playful nature. Originating from Taiwan, this breed is relatively new to the Western world but is quickly gaining popularity due to its unique appearance and charming personality. However, before bringing a Taiwan Dog home, it’s important to understand their needs and temperament to ensure a happy and healthy life together. In this article, we’ll delve into the history, characteristics, and care requirements of the Taiwan Dog breed to help you determine if it’s the right fit for you.

Breed Category: Non-Sporting Group
Country of Origin: Taiwan
Average Size:43-58 cm
Average Weight:16-20 kg
Average Life Span: 12-14 years
Grooming Requirements: Moderate
Exercise Requirements:Moderate to High

History and Origin

The Taiwan Dog, also known as the Formosan Mountain Dog, is a breed of dog that originated in Taiwan. It is believed that these dogs have been living on the island for thousands of years, and they are considered to be one of the oldest dog breeds in the world. The Taiwan Dog is a medium-sized dog that is known for its loyalty, intelligence, and agility.

The exact origin of the Taiwan Dog is not known, but it is believed that they are descended from the dogs that were brought to Taiwan by the Austronesian people who migrated to the island from the Philippines and other parts of Southeast Asia. These dogs were used by the indigenous people of Taiwan for hunting and as guard dogs. Over time, the Taiwan Dog became an important part of the island’s culture and history.

During the Japanese occupation of Taiwan from 1895 to 1945, the Taiwan Dog was almost driven to extinction. The Japanese government considered the breed to be a nuisance and ordered a mass culling of the dogs. However, some of the indigenous people of Taiwan managed to hide their dogs and keep them safe. After the Japanese left Taiwan, the Taiwan Dog population began to recover.

In the 1980s, the Taiwan government recognized the Taiwan Dog as a national treasure and began to promote the breed. The government also established a breeding program to help preserve the breed and improve its quality. Today, the Taiwan Dog is still a rare breed, but it is gaining popularity both in Taiwan and around the world.

The Taiwan Dog is a versatile breed that can be trained for a variety of tasks. They are excellent hunters and can be trained to hunt small game such as rabbits and squirrels. They are also good at tracking and can be used for search and rescue operations. In addition, they make great family pets and are known for their loyalty and affectionate nature.

The Taiwan Dog is a hardy breed that is well-suited to the island’s hot and humid climate. They have a short, dense coat that helps to protect them from the sun and insects. They are also very agile and can navigate the rugged terrain of the island’s mountains with ease.

In conclusion, the Taiwan Dog is a unique and fascinating breed that has a long and rich history. Despite facing near extinction during the Japanese occupation, the breed has managed to survive and

Taiwan Dog

Size and Breed Category

The Taiwan Dog is a medium-sized breed that typically weighs between 20-25 kilograms and stands at a height of 43-58 centimeters at the shoulder. They have a muscular build and a sturdy frame, making them well-suited for their original purpose as hunting and guard dogs. Their coat is short and dense, with a range of colors including black, white, brown, and brindle. The breed is known for their alert and intelligent nature, making them quick learners and excellent watchdogs. They are also highly adaptable and can thrive in a variety of environments, from rural to urban settings.

The Taiwan Dog is a primitive breed that has been around for thousands of years, with origins in the mountainous regions of Taiwan. They were originally bred for hunting and guarding, and their strong prey drive and protective instincts are still evident in the breed today. Despite their history as working dogs, they are also known for their affectionate and loyal nature towards their owners. The breed is recognized by the Taiwan Kennel Club and is gaining popularity in other parts of the world as a unique and versatile companion.

Fur Length and Colour


Termperament and Trainability

Taiwan Dogs are known for their high energy levels and playful temperament. They are extremely loyal to their owners and are always eager to please. These dogs are highly intelligent and can be trained to perform a variety of tasks, including obedience training, agility training, and even search and rescue work. However, they can be stubborn at times and may require a firm hand when it comes to training. Despite this, they are generally easy to train and respond well to positive reinforcement techniques.

In terms of temperament, Taiwan Dogs are generally friendly and outgoing with people and other animals. They are known for their affectionate nature and love to be around their owners. However, they can be wary of strangers and may require socialization from an early age to prevent any potential aggression. They are also known for their high prey drive and may not be suitable for households with small pets. Overall, Taiwan Dogs are a highly trainable and affectionate breed that make great companions for active families.

Taiwan Dog Prepared for training

Known Health Conditions

Taiwan Dogs are known to be prone to certain health conditions. One of the most common health issues that affect this breed is hip dysplasia. This condition occurs when the hip joint does not develop properly, leading to pain and discomfort for the dog. Symptoms of hip dysplasia in Taiwan Dogs include limping, difficulty standing up, and reluctance to exercise. Treatment for hip dysplasia may include medication, physical therapy, or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition. It is important for owners of Taiwan Dogs to monitor their pet’s mobility and seek veterinary care if they suspect their dog may be suffering from hip dysplasia.

Another health condition that Taiwan Dogs are prone to is progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). This is a genetic condition that causes the retina to degenerate over time, leading to vision loss and eventual blindness. Symptoms of PRA in Taiwan Dogs include night blindness, dilated pupils, and a reluctance to go outside in low light conditions. Unfortunately, there is no cure for PRA, but there are steps that owners can take to help their dog adapt to vision loss, such as providing a safe and familiar environment and using verbal cues to guide them. It is important for breeders of Taiwan Dogs to screen their dogs for PRA and avoid breeding dogs that carry the gene for this condition.

Taiwan Dog Breathing fresh air

Openness to Strangers

Taiwan Dogs, also known as Formosan Mountain Dogs, have a reputation for being friendly and welcoming to strangers. They are known to be curious and inquisitive, often approaching new people with a wagging tail and a friendly demeanor. This openness to strangers is likely due to their history as a street dog in Taiwan, where they had to rely on humans for food and shelter. As a result, they have developed a trusting nature towards people and are generally not aggressive towards strangers. However, it is important to note that like all dogs, they should be socialized and trained properly to ensure they are well-behaved around people.

Despite their friendly nature, Taiwan Dogs can be wary of unfamiliar dogs and animals. This is likely due to their history of living on the streets and having to fend for themselves. They are known to be independent and self-sufficient, which can sometimes translate to a strong prey drive. As a result, they may not be the best fit for households with small pets such as cats or rabbits. However, with proper socialization and training, they can learn to coexist peacefully with other animals. Overall, Taiwan Dogs are a unique and fascinating breed with a friendly and curious nature towards people.

Taiwan Dog barking on stranger

Playfulness Level

The Taiwan Dog is a highly playful breed that loves to engage in various activities. They are known for their energetic and lively nature, making them a great companion for families with children. These dogs are always up for a game of fetch or a run in the park, and they thrive in environments where they can expend their energy. Their playful nature also makes them great at learning new tricks and commands, as they are always eager to please their owners. Overall, the Taiwan Dog is a fun-loving breed that brings joy and excitement to any household.

Despite their playful nature, the Taiwan Dog is also known for their independent streak. They are intelligent and curious dogs that enjoy exploring their surroundings and figuring things out on their own. This can sometimes make them a bit stubborn when it comes to training, but with patience and consistency, they can be taught to follow commands and behave appropriately. Their independent nature also means that they can be left alone for longer periods of time without becoming anxious or destructive. However, they still require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. Overall, the Taiwan Dog is a unique and fascinating breed that is sure to bring a lot of joy and entertainment to their owners.

Suitability as a Pet for Children

Taiwan Dog is a highly intelligent and loyal companion that can make an excellent pet for children. They are known for their playful and affectionate nature, which makes them great playmates for kids. These dogs are also very protective of their family, which means they will always keep an eye out for their young owners. Additionally, Taiwan Dogs are easy to train and can quickly learn new commands, making them a great choice for families with children who want to teach their pet new tricks. Overall, the Taiwan Dog can be a wonderful addition to any family with children who are looking for a loyal and loving pet.

Exercise Needs

Taiwan Dogs require a moderate amount of exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. They are an active breed that enjoys daily walks and playtime. A minimum of 30 minutes of exercise per day is recommended, but they will happily engage in more vigorous activities such as hiking, running, and agility training. It is important to note that Taiwan Dogs have a high prey drive and should always be kept on a leash or in a secure area to prevent them from chasing after small animals. Regular exercise not only keeps them physically fit but also helps to prevent destructive behavior that may arise from boredom or lack of stimulation.

In addition to physical exercise, Taiwan Dogs also benefit from mental stimulation. They are intelligent and curious dogs that enjoy learning new things and solving puzzles. Training sessions that incorporate positive reinforcement techniques are an excellent way to provide mental stimulation while also strengthening the bond between the dog and their owner. Interactive toys and games that challenge their problem-solving skills are also recommended. Overall, providing both physical and mental exercise is essential for the well-being of Taiwan Dogs.

Taiwan Dog running exercise

Suitability for a Multi-Pet Family

Taiwan Dogs have been known to coexist peacefully with other pets in the household. They are generally friendly and sociable, and with proper socialization and training, they can get along well with other dogs, cats, and even smaller animals like rabbits or guinea pigs. However, as with any breed, individual temperament and personality can vary, so it’s important to introduce them to other pets slowly and carefully to ensure a positive outcome.

Housing Requirements

Taiwan Dogs require a living space that is large enough to accommodate their active nature. They need a home with a yard or garden where they can run around and play. The yard should be securely fenced to prevent them from escaping. The fence should be at least 1.5 meters high to prevent them from jumping over it. The living space should also have a shelter where they can rest and sleep. The shelter should be well-ventilated and insulated to protect them from extreme weather conditions. Additionally, Taiwan Dogs require regular exercise, so their living space should be close to a park or open space where they can go for walks and play.

Taiwan Dogs require a balanced diet to maintain their health and energy levels. They need a diet that is high in protein and low in fat. Their diet should consist of high-quality dog food, supplemented with fresh fruits and vegetables. They should be fed twice a day, with the amount of food depending on their age, weight, and activity level. It is important to provide them with fresh water at all times. Additionally, Taiwan Dogs require regular grooming to keep their coat healthy and shiny. They should be brushed at least once a week to remove loose hair and prevent matting. Their nails should be trimmed regularly to prevent them from becoming too long and causing discomfort.


Taiwan Dogs have been kept as pets for centuries and are well-suited to living in a variety of environments. They are known for their loyalty and intelligence, making them excellent companions for families and individuals alike. With proper training and socialization, Taiwan Dogs can be friendly and affectionate towards people and other animals. They are also adaptable and can thrive in both urban and rural settings. Overall, Taiwan Dogs make great pets for those who are willing to provide them with the love, attention, and care they need.


Taiwan Dog FAQS

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Taiwan Dogs are intelligent and trainable, but can be stubborn at times. Consistent training and positive reinforcement is recommended.

Taiwan Dogs can adapt to apartment living, but require daily exercise and mental stimulation.

Yes, Taiwan Dogs are known to be good with children and make great family pets.

Taiwan Dogs are generally healthy, but can be prone to hip dysplasia and eye problems. Regular vet check-ups are recommended.

Yes, Taiwan Dogs shed moderately and require regular grooming.

Taiwan Dogs are active and require at least 30-60 minutes of exercise daily.

A Taiwan Dog can grow up to 50-60 cm in height.

The average weight of a Taiwan Dog is between 10-20 kg.

The average lifespan of a Taiwan Dog is between 12-15 years.

Taiwan Dogs are loyal, affectionate, and protective of their family. They can be wary of strangers and other animals if not socialized properly.