Dog Health

Dog Health

Addison’s Disease in Dogs


Facts Known also as hypoadrenocorticism, hypocortisolism, and adrenal insufficiency, Addison’s Disease was first found in humans and then later found in dogs. The disease is described as an endocrine system disorder and takes place when the production of corticosteroid hormones decreases to such an amount that the body is no longer able to function normally.

Addison’s Disease in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Adrenal Gland Cancer in Dogs


FactsAdrenal Gland Cancer, also known as Pheochromocytoma, involves the presence of a tumour in the adrenal gland. This tumour affects the glands by causing them to make an excess of particular hormones. Other ways the tumour can affect the animal is to cause an increase in blood pressure, heart rate, and even the breathing rate.

Adrenal Gland Cancer in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Anemia in Dogs


Facts Red blood cells (RBC) work to deliver oxygen to the dog’s tissues. This is done when the blood cells pick up oxygen in the lungs and release it to the body’s cells when the RBCs squeeze through the capillaries. This “pick up” is performed by the iron-containing hemoglobin (also spelled haemoglobin) biomolecule. The hemoglobin

Anemia in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Aortic Stenosis


Facts The aortic valve is one of four valves of the heart. De-oxygenated blood enters the right atrium via the vena cava. The heart contracts and pumps the blood through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle. After another pump of the heart, the blood goes into the lungs to become oxygenated. Once oxygenated, the

Aortic Stenosis2019-08-09T14:39:38+00:00

Asthma in Dogs


Telltale signs of asthma in a dog are not unlike those found in humans. A dog that seems to be wheezing, coughing and having difficulty breathing may be suffering of an obstruction in its airways, causing an asthma attack. People may be surprised to know that just like humans, dogs can develop asthma, and more

Asthma in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:47+00:00

Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia in Dogs


Facts Red blood cells, also called RBCs, are the most common blood cell in the circulatory system. They contain hemoglobin (also spelled haemoglobin), a biomolecule containing iron, that binds to oxygen in the lungs and delivers it to the rest of the body’s cells. Once the oxygen is released, the RBC then picks up carbon

Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Babesiosis in Dogs


Facts Babesiosis (also called Babesia infection) is a disease passed to mammals via ticks. The Babesia parasite is a microscopic organism that takes up residence the dog’s red blood cells and eventually destroys the RBCs, which causes the animal to become anemic. Babesiosis is the second most common blood parasite disorder of all mammals, although

Babesiosis in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Bird Flu in Dogs


FactsBird Flu, also known as Avian Influenza or H5N1, is a viral infection that was found in large amounts of wild birds and poultry in Africa, Asia, and Europe. H5N1 is in fact a subtype of the Influenza-A virus, which causes the flu in birds. It is called “Bird Flu” because the virus has found

Bird Flu in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome in Dogs


FactsBrachycephalic airway syndrome is a respiratory condition that most commonly affects certain breeds of dogs. It refers to a number of upper airway issues found in these breeds. By definition brachycephalic means a broad, short head, and these affected dogs usually have an elongated soft palate (which is when the soft palate is so long

Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:48+00:00

Bronchitis in Dogs


Facts A dog that is suffering from bronchitis is suffering from an inflammation in its bronchial tubes. This inflammation can happen in one or both bronchi (respiratory airways). There are two forms of bronchitis which are acute and chronic. The acute form is most often due to a viral or bacterial infection. In many cases

Bronchitis in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Cancer in Dogs


Cancers are diseases that occur in most animals, including dogs. A cancer results when a cell in a dog's body starts to replicate uncontrollably, forming clumps of abnormal or cancerous cells called tumours. These cancer cells escape detection and trick the natural killer cells of the body's immune system into not attacking and destroying them.

Cancer in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:43+00:00

Canine Auto Immune System Issues


Facts A dog's immune system is its defense system, made up of antibodies, white blood cells, and other substances. This defense system works to reject foreign bodies and attack infections. It differentiates between "self" cells and "non-self" cells by markers - called antigens - located on the surface of every cell in the dog's body.

Canine Auto Immune System Issues2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Canine Hormonal Disorders


Hormones are chemical messengers that influence the activity of cells and tissues all round the body. The first hormones to be identified were those produced by discrete, visible glands, such as the thyroid and the pituitary. Later, scientists discovered other messengers, including the brain biochemicals dopamine and serotonin, and trace chemicals called cytokines. New cytokines

Canine Hormonal Disorders2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Canine Mouth and Teeth Problems


Dogs use their mouth and teeth not only for eating, but also for defence, for grooming, for showing affection to others, or simply to explore, taste, play, and amuse. As a consequence there is a wide variety of potential problems. Mouth infections Infection or inflammation in the mouth - stomatitis - can be caused by

Canine Mouth and Teeth Problems2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Canine Respiratory Problems


Problems may occur anywhere in the respiratory system - from a tickle in the nose producing a sneeze, to trauma in the chest causing laboured breathing and clinical shock. Infections and disorders can occur in either the upper respiratory system, including the nose and windpipe, or in the chest and lungs - the lower respiratory

Canine Respiratory Problems2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Canine Spinal Disorders


Damage to the spinal cord, whether it occurs spontaneously or results from an accident, can cause loss of voluntary muscle movement, changes in spinal reflexes or muscle tone, muscle shrinkage, and loss of touch and pain sensations. This damage may be irreparable. Paralysis Paralysis is often caused by traumatic spinal cord injury from road traffic

Canine Spinal Disorders2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Diabetes Insipidus in Dogs


Facts When a dog is diagnosed with Diabetes Insipidus it is essentially suffering from a disorder of water balance because of decreased production/levels of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). It causes the dog to get rid of highly diluted urine in huge abnormal quantities, because ADH is what regulates the kidneys’ power to absorb water. The disease

Diabetes Insipidus in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:47+00:00

Diabetes Mellitus in Dogs


Facts Diabetes Mellitus is a disease which occurs in dogs when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin. In some cases, insulin production stops all together. Insulin tells the body how to properly use proteins, fats, and sugars. This lack of insulin means the liver doesn’t know when to stop glucose production and no longer

Diabetes Mellitus in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Digestive Disorders in Dogs


Diarrhea, the most common medical condition associated with the intestines, can occur as a result of damage to the digestive system, but may simply be your dog's way of coping with an ingested irritant. Diarrhoea may be accompanied by vomiting, tummy rumbles, pain, burping, or passing wind, and it may contain mucus or blood. Get

Digestive Disorders in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:04+00:00

Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Dogs


Facts In a properly working heart, blood flows into the right atrium and is pumped into the right ventricle. After that, it goes to the lungs where it picks up oxygen and then flows back into the heart’s left atrium. Pressure causes the oxygenated blood to flow into the left ventricle and out of the

Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Dog Brain Diseases


The brain, through its connections with the spinal cord and peripheral nerves, coordinates all activities, thoughts, senses, feelings, emotions, movement, and body functions. If the brain is damaged, this can lead to behaviour changes, seizures, loss of coordination, paralysis, or coma. Brain injures Brain injuries are frequently caused by physical injuries, especially as a result

Dog Brain Diseases2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Dog Ear and Hearing Disorders


The ear is a vulnerable part of a dogs body. The outer ear flap is easily damaged, while the ear canal encourages the accumulation of wax, debris, and water, and provides an access point for a variety of infections. Common Indicators Dogs with ear problems may show any of the following clinical signs: Head and

Dog Ear and Hearing Disorders2019-11-17T13:38:24+00:00

Dog Eye Problems


Eye disorders account for a large number of visits to the clinic because they are amongst the easiest problems to recognize and always appear potentially worrisome. Understanding the signsCheck with your vet if you notice any of the symptoms below: they may simply indicate an allergy, but can also be caused by more serious concerns,

Dog Eye Problems2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Dog Vomiting and Stomach Problems


Vomiting and diarrhoea are two of the most common problems seen by vets. Their causes are often trivial, but in some cases they can be life threatening. Knowing a little about the different types of vomiting will help you decide if your dog needs veterinary attention. Acute vomiting: dogs "cure" themselves of their scavenging indiscretions

Dog Vomiting and Stomach Problems2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Eclampsia in Dogs


Facts Occurring only in lactating (and sometimes pregnant) female dogs, Eclampsia is a life-threatening disorder that sets in extremely fast, resulting in low blood calcium levels. Other names used are Milk Fever and hypocalcemia. Eclampsia is a serious disorder that needs to be treated immediately. If left untreated it will quickly result in breathing problems,

Eclampsia in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:48+00:00

Emotional Disorders in Dogs


Feelings like anxiety evolved to protect dogs from danger. The cortex of the dog's brain recognizes a threat or a stress and communicates with the rest of the brain through the limbic system, triggering a cascade of chemical changes that affect the entire body. But if these changes last too long, or get triggered too

Emotional Disorders in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Euthanasia – when to Consider ending your Dog’s life


Euthanasia: a release from suffering Euthanasia means voluntarily ending the life of a dog suffering from a terminal or incurable condition. Some instances where Euthansia is likely the best option inlcude:- Irreversible disease that has progressed to a point where distress or discomfort cannot be controlled; Old age wear and tear that permanently affects the

Euthanasia – when to Consider ending your Dog’s life2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Examining Your Dog


Routine home examination of your dog can reveal problems early, when they are easiest to treat. Regular, weekly sessions will also train your dog to submit to, and even enjoy, the process; it is far easier for a vet to make a diagnosis on a dog that willingly allows itself to be examined. Do not

Examining Your Dog2019-05-19T12:51:15+00:00

Heart Failure in Dogs


Facts The function of a healthy heart is to supply oxygenated blood to the body. First, it pumps blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen molecules, and pushes that oxygenated blood out to all of the organs and parts of the body. Once the oxygen is delivered, the blood returns to the heart to

Heart Failure in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:46+00:00

Heart Murmurs


Facts A heart murmur is an abnormal heart sound created by turbulent blood flow into, out of, or through the heart. Not actually a disease or illness in and of itself, a heart murmur is the result of another heart problem that causes the abnormal sounds. They may range from being minor to being indicative

Heart Murmurs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Heartbeat Arrhythmia in Dogs


Facts Heartbeat arrhythmia, also known as cardiac dysrhythmia or irregular heartbeat, is a condition that describes abnormal electrical heart activity. The heartbeat may be too slow, too fast, too weak, too strong, regular, or irregular. Some dogs live with a mildly irregular heartbeat with no negative side effects, while others suffer from associated effects. Severe

Heartbeat Arrhythmia in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Heartworm in Dogs


Facts Heartworm is really not a disease, but an infection of Dirofilaria immitis, a parasitic round worm. While the name implies the worm resides in the heart, it actually starts out in the pulmonary arteries - the arteries that connect the lungs to the heart - and does massive damage to the lung tissue and

Heartworm in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:05+00:00



Facts Hemangiosarcoma is a malignant, very aggressive form of cancer that forms anywhere in the body where there is blood supply, but it most usually forms on the skin, in soft tissues, or on the spleen or heart. It develops in the lining of a dog’s blood vessels, and can cause a fatal blood loss


Hypertension in Dogs


Facts Hypertension (HTN), also called high blood pressure or arterial hypertension, is a medical condition that describes elevated blood pressure in a dog’s arteries. When a dog has high blood pressure, its heart has to work harder than normal to circulate blood through its body. The condition may be either primary or secondary HTN: primary

Hypertension in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Dogs


Facts A healthy canine heart has chamber walls that are flexible - they contract easily in order to pump oxygenated blood out to the body. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a type of heart disease with characteristics of thickening and concentric enlargement of the walls of the left ventricle. This causes the ventricular walls to become

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Hypoglycemia in Dogs


Facts Hypoglycemia, also called low blood sugar, is an abnormally low concentration of glucose in a dog’s blood. Glucose is produced when the dog consumes carbohydrates, and is used as energy for all the dog’s cells, activity, and basic body function. When the dog produces more glucose than it needs, that glucose converts to glycogen

Hypoglycemia in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:44+00:00

Issues with Dog Muscles, Bones and Joints


Dogs are highly active animals, and their skeletons and muscles are subject to great stresses. Injuries are fairly common, but muscle and bone tissues have a remarkable capacity for self-repair. Other problems can result from diseases of the joints or bones.The most common sign of muscle, bone, or joint disorders is lameness, usually, but not

Issues with Dog Muscles, Bones and Joints2019-05-19T12:51:43+00:00

Leukemia in Dogs


Facts In a healthy body, the white blood cells (leukocytes) are an essential part of the dog’s immune system. They are produced in the bone marrow and work to defend the dog’s body against foreign invaders and infectious diseases. There are several different types of white blood cells (eosinophils, lymphocytes, platelets, basophils, monocytes, and neturophils),

Leukemia in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Lung Cancer in Dogs


FactsLung cancer is disease that needs to be taken seriously and detected early. Lung cancer can be either metastatic or primary in dogs. No one gender or breed is more prone to it than another; however, just like with humans, if the dog is continually exposed to second-hand smoke, its risk of developing the disease

Lung Cancer in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Lymphoma in Dogs


FactsA dog’s lymph system is a network of lymph nodes and lymphatic vessels that are used to process and circulate disease organisms and foreign substances so that they may be presented to and destroyed by the immune system. Lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cells, are the main cells of the lymphatic system.

Lymphoma in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Mammary Cancer in Dogs


Facts Mammary cancer is the presence of a tumour or multiple tumours in the mammary glands. There is a very high risk factor for intact females, especially as they age and go through multiple cycles of heat. Lumps or masses can be benign or malignant and both require medical treatment. It is almost split right

Mammary Cancer in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Mast Cell Tumours in Dogs


FactsMast cells are part of the body’s immune system, and participate to fight off parasites that may attack the respiratory or intestinal tract or the skin. When the body detects an invader, the mast ells product an antibody called IgE. The IgE covers the mast cell and “grab” the antigen, then releases a chemical harmful

Mast Cell Tumours in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Medicating your Dog


The simplest way to give medicine to your dog is to hide it in food. Hollow dog treats are commercially available, but hiding a tablet in a piece of meat or bread, especially if coated with peanut butter, works just as well. Always check with your vet first, however, since some foods should not be

Medicating your Dog2019-05-19T12:50:56+00:00

Oral Cancer in Dogs


Facts Oral cancer is one cancer that grows and then spreads quickly and is often very hard to treat. In fact, as far as cancer goes, it is one of the most difficult to treat. Tumours found in the mouth are quite common and can be either cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). Mouth cancer is

Oral Cancer in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:47+00:00

Osteosarcoma in Dogs


Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer in domestic dogs. It is an aggressive, malignant form of the disease that starts in the bones and spread to other parts of the body if not detected and treated. This type of cancer tends to metastasize quickly to the lungs and is usually fatal. Osteoblasts

Osteosarcoma in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Parasites that Affect Dogs


Dogs suffer from a variety of internal and external parasites. Regular grooming will help you spot early signs of infestation. Even some internal parasites leave telltale signs on the fur and skin. Particular vigilance is needed with puppies, which can inherit parasites from their mothers, and in warm weather when parasite populations explode, making all

Parasites that Affect Dogs2019-05-19T15:26:42+00:00

Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Dogs


Facts In healthy dogs, the pulmonary artery carries blood to the lungs to be oxygenated, then goes back to the heart to get pumped out to the body via the aorta. In the fetal stage, all dogs have what is called the ductus arteriosus (DA) – a connection between the aortic arch and pulmonary artery.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:46+00:00

Polycythemia in Dogs


Facts Polycythemia, also called erythrocytosis, is a disorder in which the dog’s blood volume or concentration of the red blood cells (RBCs) increases. When this happens, the thickness or viscosity of the blood is increased and causes a multitude of problems. There are three forms of polycythemia: absolute, relative, and transient. Each has its own

Polycythemia in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Prevention of Dog Ill Health and Injury


Preventing dog health problems is better and cheaper than treating them.. Such problems include infectious diseases, internal and external parasites, physical accidents, unwanted pregnancies(naughty teenage dogs!), and diseases that might spread from your dog to you, or vice versa. Vaccination is the most important measure you can take to ensure your dog's good health, but

Prevention of Dog Ill Health and Injury2019-05-19T12:51:42+00:00