Dog Health

Dog Health

Adrenal Gland Cancer in Dogs


FactsAdrenal Gland Cancer, also known as Pheochromocytoma, involves the presence of a tumour in the adrenal gland. This tumour affects the glands by causing them to make an excess of particular hormones. Other ways the tumour can affect the animal is to cause an increase in blood pressure, heart rate, and even the breathing rate.

Adrenal Gland Cancer in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Von Willebrand Disease in Dogs


Facts Von Willebrand Disease, also called von Willebrand’s Disease (vWD) is a hereditary blood clotting disorder. This disorder occurs when a dog has in insufficient level of von Willebrand factor (also called factor VIII) – a plasma protein necessary for proper blood clotting. Factor VIII (vWF) is produced by the cells lining blood vessels and

Von Willebrand Disease in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:44+00:00

Lymphoma in Dogs


FactsA dog’s lymph system is a network of lymph nodes and lymphatic vessels that are used to process and circulate disease organisms and foreign substances so that they may be presented to and destroyed by the immune system. Lymphocytes, which are a type of white blood cells, are the main cells of the lymphatic system.

Lymphoma in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Dogs


Facts In healthy dogs, the pulmonary artery carries blood to the lungs to be oxygenated, then goes back to the heart to get pumped out to the body via the aorta. In the fetal stage, all dogs have what is called the ductus arteriosus (DA) – a connection between the aortic arch and pulmonary artery.

Patent Ductus Arteriosus in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:46+00:00

Polycythemia in Dogs


Facts Polycythemia, also called erythrocytosis, is a disorder in which the dog’s blood volume or concentration of the red blood cells (RBCs) increases. When this happens, the thickness or viscosity of the blood is increased and causes a multitude of problems. There are three forms of polycythemia: absolute, relative, and transient. Each has its own

Polycythemia in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Pulmonary Hypertension in Dogs


Facts Pulmonary hypertension is an elevated blood pressure of the lung vasculature (the pulmonary vein, pulmonary artery, or pulmonary capillaries). It can lead to heart failure if left untreated. By definition, any pulmonary arterial systolic pressure over 30 mm Hg, pulmonary arterial mean pressure over 20 mm Hg, or pulmonary arterial diastolic pressure over 15

Pulmonary Hypertension in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:46+00:00

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever in Dogs


Facts Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF), also called tick typhus, Tobia fever, fiebre manchada, and São Paulo fever, depending on the country, is a disease caused by the infective parasitic organism Rickettsia rickettsia. This organism is passed to dogs (and humans, as well as other mammals) when they are bitten by an infected Dermacentor tick.

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Heartbeat Arrhythmia in Dogs


Facts Heartbeat arrhythmia, also known as cardiac dysrhythmia or irregular heartbeat, is a condition that describes abnormal electrical heart activity. The heartbeat may be too slow, too fast, too weak, too strong, regular, or irregular. Some dogs live with a mildly irregular heartbeat with no negative side effects, while others suffer from associated effects. Severe

Heartbeat Arrhythmia in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Heart Murmurs


Facts A heart murmur is an abnormal heart sound created by turbulent blood flow into, out of, or through the heart. Not actually a disease or illness in and of itself, a heart murmur is the result of another heart problem that causes the abnormal sounds. They may range from being minor to being indicative

Heart Murmurs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Dogs


Facts In a properly working heart, blood flows into the right atrium and is pumped into the right ventricle. After that, it goes to the lungs where it picks up oxygen and then flows back into the heart’s left atrium. Pressure causes the oxygenated blood to flow into the left ventricle and out of the

Dilated Cardiomyopathy in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Heart Failure in Dogs


Facts The function of a healthy heart is to supply oxygenated blood to the body. First, it pumps blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen molecules, and pushes that oxygenated blood out to all of the organs and parts of the body. Once the oxygen is delivered, the blood returns to the heart to

Heart Failure in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:46+00:00

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Dogs


Facts A healthy canine heart has chamber walls that are flexible - they contract easily in order to pump oxygenated blood out to the body. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a type of heart disease with characteristics of thickening and concentric enlargement of the walls of the left ventricle. This causes the ventricular walls to become

Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00



Facts Hemangiosarcoma is a malignant, very aggressive form of cancer that forms anywhere in the body where there is blood supply, but it most usually forms on the skin, in soft tissues, or on the spleen or heart. It develops in the lining of a dog’s blood vessels, and can cause a fatal blood loss


Anemia in Dogs


Facts Red blood cells (RBC) work to deliver oxygen to the dog’s tissues. This is done when the blood cells pick up oxygen in the lungs and release it to the body’s cells when the RBCs squeeze through the capillaries. This “pick up” is performed by the iron-containing hemoglobin (also spelled haemoglobin) biomolecule. The hemoglobin

Anemia in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia in Dogs


Facts Red blood cells, also called RBCs, are the most common blood cell in the circulatory system. They contain hemoglobin (also spelled haemoglobin), a biomolecule containing iron, that binds to oxygen in the lungs and delivers it to the rest of the body’s cells. Once the oxygen is released, the RBC then picks up carbon

Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Babesiosis in Dogs


Facts Babesiosis (also called Babesia infection) is a disease passed to mammals via ticks. The Babesia parasite is a microscopic organism that takes up residence the dog’s red blood cells and eventually destroys the RBCs, which causes the animal to become anemic. Babesiosis is the second most common blood parasite disorder of all mammals, although

Babesiosis in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Osteosarcoma in Dogs


Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer in domestic dogs. It is an aggressive, malignant form of the disease that starts in the bones and spread to other parts of the body if not detected and treated. This type of cancer tends to metastasize quickly to the lungs and is usually fatal. Osteoblasts

Osteosarcoma in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Diabetes Mellitus in Dogs


Facts Diabetes Mellitus is a disease which occurs in dogs when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin. In some cases, insulin production stops all together. Insulin tells the body how to properly use proteins, fats, and sugars. This lack of insulin means the liver doesn’t know when to stop glucose production and no longer

Diabetes Mellitus in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Diabetes Insipidus in Dogs


Facts When a dog is diagnosed with Diabetes Insipidus it is essentially suffering from a disorder of water balance because of decreased production/levels of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). It causes the dog to get rid of highly diluted urine in huge abnormal quantities, because ADH is what regulates the kidneys’ power to absorb water. The disease

Diabetes Insipidus in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:47+00:00

Addison’s Disease in Dogs


Facts Known also as hypoadrenocorticism, hypocortisolism, and adrenal insufficiency, Addison’s Disease was first found in humans and then later found in dogs. The disease is described as an endocrine system disorder and takes place when the production of corticosteroid hormones decreases to such an amount that the body is no longer able to function normally.

Addison’s Disease in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Mast Cell Tumours in Dogs


FactsMast cells are part of the body’s immune system, and participate to fight off parasites that may attack the respiratory or intestinal tract or the skin. When the body detects an invader, the mast ells product an antibody called IgE. The IgE covers the mast cell and “grab” the antigen, then releases a chemical harmful

Mast Cell Tumours in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Asthma in Dogs


Telltale signs of asthma in a dog are not unlike those found in humans. A dog that seems to be wheezing, coughing and having difficulty breathing may be suffering of an obstruction in its airways, causing an asthma attack. People may be surprised to know that just like humans, dogs can develop asthma, and more

Asthma in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:47+00:00

Lung Cancer in Dogs


FactsLung cancer is disease that needs to be taken seriously and detected early. Lung cancer can be either metastatic or primary in dogs. No one gender or breed is more prone to it than another; however, just like with humans, if the dog is continually exposed to second-hand smoke, its risk of developing the disease

Lung Cancer in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Oral Cancer in Dogs


Facts Oral cancer is one cancer that grows and then spreads quickly and is often very hard to treat. In fact, as far as cancer goes, it is one of the most difficult to treat. Tumours found in the mouth are quite common and can be either cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). Mouth cancer is

Oral Cancer in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:47+00:00

Soft Tissue Sarcoma


Facts The term Soft Tissue Sarcoma (STS) refers to a grouping of skin masses or tumours in a dog. All of the tumours are joined by connective tissues. These types of masses make up 15% of skin lumps that are found in dogs. Each of the tumours in the group has the same type of

Soft Tissue Sarcoma2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Bronchitis in Dogs


Facts A dog that is suffering from bronchitis is suffering from an inflammation in its bronchial tubes. This inflammation can happen in one or both bronchi (respiratory airways). There are two forms of bronchitis which are acute and chronic. The acute form is most often due to a viral or bacterial infection. In many cases

Bronchitis in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Eclampsia in Dogs


Facts Occurring only in lactating (and sometimes pregnant) female dogs, Eclampsia is a life-threatening disorder that sets in extremely fast, resulting in low blood calcium levels. Other names used are Milk Fever and hypocalcemia. Eclampsia is a serious disorder that needs to be treated immediately. If left untreated it will quickly result in breathing problems,

Eclampsia in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:48+00:00

Bird Flu in Dogs


FactsBird Flu, also known as Avian Influenza or H5N1, is a viral infection that was found in large amounts of wild birds and poultry in Africa, Asia, and Europe. H5N1 is in fact a subtype of the Influenza-A virus, which causes the flu in birds. It is called “Bird Flu” because the virus has found

Bird Flu in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome in Dogs


FactsBrachycephalic airway syndrome is a respiratory condition that most commonly affects certain breeds of dogs. It refers to a number of upper airway issues found in these breeds. By definition brachycephalic means a broad, short head, and these affected dogs usually have an elongated soft palate (which is when the soft palate is so long

Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:48+00:00

Mammary Cancer in Dogs


Facts Mammary cancer is the presence of a tumour or multiple tumours in the mammary glands. There is a very high risk factor for intact females, especially as they age and go through multiple cycles of heat. Lumps or masses can be benign or malignant and both require medical treatment. It is almost split right

Mammary Cancer in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Aortic Stenosis


Facts The aortic valve is one of four valves of the heart. De-oxygenated blood enters the right atrium via the vena cava. The heart contracts and pumps the blood through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle. After another pump of the heart, the blood goes into the lungs to become oxygenated. Once oxygenated, the

Aortic Stenosis2019-08-09T14:39:38+00:00

Prevention of Dog Ill Health and Injury


Preventing dog health problems is better and cheaper than treating them.. Such problems include infectious diseases, internal and external parasites, physical accidents, unwanted pregnancies(naughty teenage dogs!), and diseases that might spread from your dog to you, or vice versa. Vaccination is the most important measure you can take to ensure your dog's good health, but

Prevention of Dog Ill Health and Injury2019-05-19T12:51:42+00:00

Dog Vomiting and Stomach Problems


Vomiting and diarrhoea are two of the most common problems seen by vets. Their causes are often trivial, but in some cases they can be life threatening. Knowing a little about the different types of vomiting will help you decide if your dog needs veterinary attention. Acute vomiting: dogs "cure" themselves of their scavenging indiscretions

Dog Vomiting and Stomach Problems2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Treating a Dog that has been Poisoned


Poisons can enter the your dog's body through its skin, by being inhaled, or by being ingested. As inveterate scavengers, dogs are most prone to swallowing poisons, but fortunately, most ingested chemicals are vomited straight back up. Nevertheless, vets still deal with too many needless accidents caused by not keeping dangerous substances safely stored out

Treating a Dog that has been Poisoned2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Parasites that Affect Dogs


Dogs suffer from a variety of internal and external parasites. Regular grooming will help you spot early signs of infestation. Even some internal parasites leave telltale signs on the fur and skin. Particular vigilance is needed with puppies, which can inherit parasites from their mothers, and in warm weather when parasite populations explode, making all

Parasites that Affect Dogs2019-05-19T15:26:42+00:00

Medicating your Dog


The simplest way to give medicine to your dog is to hide it in food. Hollow dog treats are commercially available, but hiding a tablet in a piece of meat or bread, especially if coated with peanut butter, works just as well. Always check with your vet first, however, since some foods should not be

Medicating your Dog2019-05-19T12:50:56+00:00

Treating Dog Wounds and Injuries


Traffic accidents, dogfights, and unexpected traumatic injuries are the most common causes of bleeding wounds. An injured dog may be in considerable pain, and must be treated with great care to minimize discomfort and reduce the danger of biting. Closed wounds Do not underestimate a closed wound. Because the skin is unbroken, there may appear

Treating Dog Wounds and Injuries2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Urinary Tract Disorders in Dogs


FactsThe urinary tract is made up of the ureters, urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and prostate gland in males. The urinary system is responsible for producing, storing, and eliminating urine. Genital organs are also involved in the elimination of urine. Urinary tract disorders are diseases, infections, or obstructions that affect any part of the urinary system

Urinary Tract Disorders in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:04+00:00

Digestive Disorders in Dogs


Diarrhea, the most common medical condition associated with the intestines, can occur as a result of damage to the digestive system, but may simply be your dog's way of coping with an ingested irritant. Diarrhoea may be accompanied by vomiting, tummy rumbles, pain, burping, or passing wind, and it may contain mucus or blood. Get

Digestive Disorders in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:04+00:00

Canine Spinal Disorders


Damage to the spinal cord, whether it occurs spontaneously or results from an accident, can cause loss of voluntary muscle movement, changes in spinal reflexes or muscle tone, muscle shrinkage, and loss of touch and pain sensations. This damage may be irreparable. Paralysis Paralysis is often caused by traumatic spinal cord injury from road traffic

Canine Spinal Disorders2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Heartworm in Dogs


Facts Heartworm is really not a disease, but an infection of Dirofilaria immitis, a parasitic round worm. While the name implies the worm resides in the heart, it actually starts out in the pulmonary arteries - the arteries that connect the lungs to the heart - and does massive damage to the lung tissue and

Heartworm in Dogs2019-05-19T12:51:05+00:00

What to do if your dog is injured in an accident


In the event your dog is seriously injured, your prompt action could save its life. First assess the situation!: You may need to move the dog if it is still at risk, making sure you do not put yourself in danger.Restrain your dog, and check its heart and breathing: if these vital systems have failed,

What to do if your dog is injured in an accident2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Testicular Cancer in Dogs


For male dogs that are not neutered, testicular cancer is among one of the most common conditions. Cancer can be described as a growth of cells in or on the body that has blown out of control. There are three different types of testicular cancer. These are seminomas, sertoli cell tumours and interstitial cell tumours.

Testicular Cancer in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Examining Your Dog


Routine home examination of your dog can reveal problems early, when they are easiest to treat. Regular, weekly sessions will also train your dog to submit to, and even enjoy, the process; it is far easier for a vet to make a diagnosis on a dog that willingly allows itself to be examined. Do not

Examining Your Dog2019-05-19T12:51:15+00:00

Canine Mouth and Teeth Problems


Dogs use their mouth and teeth not only for eating, but also for defence, for grooming, for showing affection to others, or simply to explore, taste, play, and amuse. As a consequence there is a wide variety of potential problems. Mouth infections Infection or inflammation in the mouth - stomatitis - can be caused by

Canine Mouth and Teeth Problems2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Emotional Disorders in Dogs


Feelings like anxiety evolved to protect dogs from danger. The cortex of the dog's brain recognizes a threat or a stress and communicates with the rest of the brain through the limbic system, triggering a cascade of chemical changes that affect the entire body. But if these changes last too long, or get triggered too

Emotional Disorders in Dogs2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Skin Diseases that effect Dogs


Skin problems account for almost half of visits to the vet mainly because it's easy to see when something is wrong. Parasites, and particularly the flea, are responsible for the majority of irritating skin conditions. You may never see it, but a single flea can lead to inflammation, scratching, licking, scaling, bleeding or crusting skin, erosions, ulcers,

Skin Diseases that effect Dogs2022-03-28T16:47:56+00:00

Canine Respiratory Problems


Problems may occur anywhere in the respiratory system - from a tickle in the nose producing a sneeze, to trauma in the chest causing laboured breathing and clinical shock. Infections and disorders can occur in either the upper respiratory system, including the nose and windpipe, or in the chest and lungs - the lower respiratory

Canine Respiratory Problems2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00

Dog Brain Diseases


The brain, through its connections with the spinal cord and peripheral nerves, coordinates all activities, thoughts, senses, feelings, emotions, movement, and body functions. If the brain is damaged, this can lead to behaviour changes, seizures, loss of coordination, paralysis, or coma. Brain injures Brain injuries are frequently caused by physical injuries, especially as a result

Dog Brain Diseases2017-08-06T00:00:00+00:00