Are you considering getting a furry friend to keep you company? If so, have you thought about the Saint Bernard breed? These gentle giants are known for their loyalty and affectionate nature, making them a popular choice for families. However, before you bring one home, it’s important to do your research and understand the unique characteristics and needs of this breed. In this article, we’ll explore the history, temperament, and care requirements of the Saint Bernard breed, so you can make an informed decision about whether this lovable breed is the right fit for you.

Breed Category: Working
Country of Origin: Switzerland
Average Size:70-90 cm
Average Weight:64-120 kg
Average Life Span: 8-10 years
Grooming Requirements: High
Exercise Requirements:Moderate

History and Origin

The Saint Bernard is a large breed of dog that is known for its gentle nature and impressive size. This breed has a long and fascinating history that dates back to the 11th century. The Saint Bernard was originally bred in the Swiss Alps to work as a rescue dog, and it quickly became known for its ability to navigate the treacherous mountain terrain and locate lost travelers.

The Saint Bernard is believed to have descended from ancient Roman Molossian dogs, which were used for hunting and fighting. These dogs were brought to Switzerland by the Romans, and over time, they were bred with local Alpine dogs to create the Saint Bernard we know today. The breed was named after the Saint Bernard Pass, which is a treacherous mountain pass that connects Switzerland and Italy.

The Saint Bernard was first used as a rescue dog in the 17th century by the monks of the Saint Bernard Hospice, which is a hospice located near the Saint Bernard Pass. The monks trained the dogs to search for lost travelers and to help them find their way back to the hospice. The dogs were also used to help rescue travelers who had become trapped in the snow or who had fallen off the mountain.

The Saint Bernard became famous in the 18th and 19th centuries, thanks to the many stories and paintings that depicted the dogs as heroic rescuers. The breed was also popularized by the Swiss Army, which used Saint Bernards as draft dogs and as mascots. In the early 20th century, the breed was imported to the United States, where it quickly became popular as a family pet.

Today, the Saint Bernard is still used as a rescue dog in some parts of the world, although its popularity as a working dog has declined in recent years. The breed is now primarily kept as a companion animal, and it is known for its gentle and affectionate nature. Saint Bernards are also popular in the show ring, where they are admired for their size and beauty.

In conclusion, the Saint Bernard is a fascinating breed of dog with a rich history and a long tradition of service. From its origins as a rescue dog in the Swiss Alps to its current status as a beloved family pet, the Saint Bernard has captured the hearts of people around the world. Whether you are looking for a loyal companion or a working dog, the Saint Bernard is a breed that

Saint Bernard Dog

Size and Breed Category

The Saint Bernard is a large breed of dog that originated in the Swiss Alps. They are known for their impressive size and strength, with males typically weighing between 64-120 kg and standing 70-90 cm tall at the shoulder. Females are slightly smaller, weighing between 54-91 kg and standing 65-80 cm tall. Despite their size, Saint Bernards are known for their gentle and friendly nature, making them popular family pets.

In terms of breed category, the Saint Bernard is classified as a working dog. They were originally bred by monks in the Swiss Alps to assist with search and rescue missions in the mountains. Their large size and strength made them well-suited for this task, as they were able to navigate through deep snow and carry supplies to those in need. Today, Saint Bernards are still used in search and rescue operations, as well as in therapy work and as family pets. Their loyalty and protective nature make them excellent companions for those who are willing to provide them with the exercise and attention they require.

Fur Length and Colour

The fur of a Saint Bernard is typically long and thick, providing excellent insulation against cold weather. The fur is also water-resistant, which is useful for the breed’s history of working in snowy and wet conditions. The fur can be either smooth or rough, with the rough variety having a more textured appearance. The fur colour can vary, but the most common colours are white with red or brown markings, or a combination of the two. Some Saint Bernards may also have black markings on their face or body. The fur on the ears and tail is typically longer and more feathery than the rest of the body. Overall, the fur of a Saint Bernard is an important characteristic of the breed, providing both practical and aesthetic benefits.

The colour of a Saint Bernard’s fur can vary depending on the individual dog. The most common colours are white with red or brown markings, or a combination of the two. The red or brown markings can appear on the face, ears, back, and legs. Some Saint Bernards may also have black markings on their face or body. The fur colour can also change as the dog ages, with some dogs becoming lighter or darker over time. The colour of a Saint Bernard’s fur is an important aspect of the breed’s appearance, and can vary widely between individual dogs.

Termperament and Trainability

Saint Bernards are known for their gentle and patient temperament. They are typically calm and affectionate towards their owners, making them great family pets. However, due to their large size and strength, it is important to properly train and socialize them from a young age. Saint Bernards are also known for their loyalty and protective nature, making them excellent watchdogs. They are not typically aggressive towards strangers, but their size alone can be intimidating. Overall, Saint Bernards make great companions for those who are willing to put in the time and effort to properly train and care for them.

In terms of trainability, Saint Bernards can be stubborn at times. They are intelligent dogs, but they may not always be eager to please their owners. Positive reinforcement training methods, such as treats and praise, tend to work best with this breed. It is important to start training early and be consistent with commands and expectations. Saint Bernards also require regular exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. With patience and dedication, Saint Bernards can be trained to be well-behaved and obedient companions.

Saint Bernard Dog Prepared for training.

Known Health Conditions

Saint Bernards are prone to a number of health conditions, including hip dysplasia, which is a genetic condition that affects the hip joint. This can cause pain and discomfort, and in severe cases, can lead to arthritis. Another common health issue in Saint Bernards is bloat, which is a life-threatening condition that occurs when the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself. This can cause a blockage in the digestive system and can lead to shock and death if not treated promptly. Other health conditions that Saint Bernards may be prone to include heart disease, eye problems, and skin allergies.

One of the most serious health conditions that Saint Bernards can develop is a condition called osteosarcoma, which is a type of bone cancer. This condition is more common in larger breeds of dogs, and can be difficult to treat. Another health issue that Saint Bernards may experience is a condition called ectropion, which is a turning out of the eyelids. This can cause irritation and discomfort, and can lead to eye infections if left untreated. Saint Bernards may also be prone to a condition called subaortic stenosis, which is a narrowing of the aorta that can cause heart problems. Regular veterinary check-ups and preventative care can help to manage these health conditions and ensure that Saint Bernards live long, healthy lives.

Saint Bernard Dog Clean air is beneficial for one's health.

Openness to Strangers

Saint Bernards are known for their friendly and welcoming nature towards strangers. They are a breed that is naturally inclined to be sociable and affectionate towards people they meet for the first time. This makes them excellent companions for families with children or those who enjoy having guests over frequently. Saint Bernards are also known to be very patient and gentle, which makes them great therapy dogs for hospitals and nursing homes. They have a calm and reassuring presence that can help ease anxiety and stress in people.

In addition to their friendly nature, Saint Bernards are also very intelligent and trainable. They are quick learners and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. This makes them easy to train for various tasks, such as search and rescue, therapy work, and obedience competitions. However, it is important to note that Saint Bernards can be stubborn at times, so it is important to be patient and consistent with their training. Overall, the Saint Bernard’s openness to strangers and their intelligence make them a beloved breed among dog owners.

Playfulness Level

The Saint Bernard is a highly playful breed of dog that loves to engage in various activities. They are known for their energetic and lively nature, which makes them a great companion for families with children. These dogs are always up for a game of fetch or a run around the park, and they have a natural affinity for water, making them excellent swimmers. Their playful nature also extends to their interactions with other dogs, as they are known to be friendly and sociable. Overall, the Saint Bernard’s playfulness level is one of their most endearing qualities, and it is sure to bring joy and laughter to any household that welcomes them.

Despite their large size, the Saint Bernard is a surprisingly agile and nimble breed of dog. They love to jump and play, and they have a natural curiosity that drives them to explore their surroundings. This makes them an excellent choice for families who enjoy outdoor activities such as hiking or camping. The Saint Bernard’s playful nature also makes them a great choice for those who are looking for a dog that can keep up with their active lifestyle. Whether it’s playing in the backyard or going for a long walk, the Saint Bernard is always up for a good time. Their playful nature is just one of the many reasons why they are such a beloved breed of dog.

Suitability as a Pet for Children

Saint Bernards have a gentle and patient nature, making them a suitable pet for children. They are known for their loyalty and affection towards their owners, and are often used as therapy dogs due to their calm temperament. Saint Bernards require regular exercise and grooming, but are generally low maintenance. They are also known for their intelligence and trainability, making them a great choice for families looking for a trainable and obedient pet.

Saint Bernard Dog At ease around children.

Exercise Needs

Saint Bernards require a significant amount of exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. As a large breed, they need plenty of space to run and play, making them better suited to homes with large gardens or access to open spaces. A daily walk of at least an hour is recommended, but they will also benefit from additional activities such as hiking, swimming, or playing fetch. It is important to note that Saint Bernards are not a high-energy breed and can tire easily, so it is essential to monitor their activity levels and provide plenty of rest breaks.

In addition to physical exercise, Saint Bernards also require mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. Interactive toys, puzzle feeders, and training sessions can all help to keep their minds engaged. As a working breed, they also enjoy tasks such as carrying a backpack or pulling a cart, which can provide both physical and mental stimulation. It is important to remember that Saint Bernards are sensitive dogs and respond best to positive reinforcement training methods. Consistency and patience are key when working with this breed, and they thrive on praise and affection from their owners.

Saint Bernard Dog walk exercise

Suitability for a Multi-Pet Family

Saint Bernards have a reputation for being gentle and friendly towards other animals. They are known to be patient and tolerant, which makes them a good companion for other pets. However, as with any breed, it is important to introduce them to other animals slowly and carefully to ensure a positive relationship. Saint Bernards can be protective of their family, so it is important to supervise interactions with other pets. Overall, Saint Bernards have the potential to get along well with other pets if introduced properly.

Housing Requirements

Saint Bernards require a spacious living environment that can accommodate their large size and active nature. They need a minimum of 30 square meters of indoor space, with additional outdoor space for exercise and play. The ideal home for a Saint Bernard would have a large, securely fenced yard where they can run and play freely. It is important to note that Saint Bernards are not suited for apartment living or small homes with limited space. They need room to move around and stretch their legs, as well as plenty of fresh air and natural light.

In addition to a spacious living environment, Saint Bernards require a comfortable and cozy sleeping area. They prefer a soft, cushioned bed that is large enough to accommodate their size. It is important to provide them with a warm and comfortable sleeping area, as they are prone to joint problems and need a supportive surface to rest on. Saint Bernards also require regular grooming to maintain their thick, double coat. This includes brushing and bathing to prevent matting and keep their coat clean and healthy.


Saint Bernards have a reputation for being gentle and loyal companions. They are known for their ability to rescue people in the mountains, but they can also make great pets for families who have enough space and time to care for them properly. They are a large breed, so they need plenty of exercise and a spacious home. They also require regular grooming to keep their coats healthy and clean. Overall, Saint Bernards can be a great addition to the right family, but they are not suitable for everyone.


Saint Bernard Dog FAQS

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Saint Bernards can be stubborn and independent, but with consistent and positive training, they can learn obedience and basic commands.

Yes, Saint Bernards are known for being gentle and patient with children.

Yes, Saint Bernards are prone to hip and elbow dysplasia, bloat, and heart issues. Regular vet check-ups are important.

Yes, Saint Bernards are known for their excessive drooling, especially after eating or drinking. Keeping a towel handy can help manage the drool.

Yes, Saint Bernards require daily exercise, such as walks or playtime, to maintain their health and prevent obesity.

Yes, Saint Bernards have a thick, double coat and shed moderately year-round, with heavier shedding during seasonal changes. Regular grooming is necessary.

Saint Bernards have a lifespan of 8-10 years on average.

Saint Bernards can eat up to 2-3 cups of high-quality dog food per day, depending on their weight and activity level.

A Saint Bernard can grow up to 70-90 cm in height.

The average weight of a Saint Bernard is between 64-120 kg.