Are you considering adding a Landseer breed dog to your family? If so, you are in for a treat. These majestic dogs are known for their striking black and white coat and gentle nature. Originally bred for water rescue, the Landseer is a highly intelligent and loyal companion that thrives on human attention. Before making the decision to bring a Landseer into your home, it is important to understand their unique characteristics and needs. In this article, we will explore everything you need to know about this wonderful breed to help you make an informed decision.

Breed Category: Working
Country of Origin: Canada
Average Size:71-80 cm
Average Weight:50-68 kg
Average Life Span: 8-10 years
Grooming Requirements: Moderate
Exercise Requirements:High

History and Origin

The Landseer is a breed of dog that is known for its striking black and white coat. This breed is named after Sir Edwin Landseer, a famous British artist who was known for his paintings of animals, particularly dogs. The Landseer is believed to have originated in Newfoundland, Canada, and was brought to England in the early 19th century.

The Landseer is closely related to the Newfoundland breed, and it is believed that the two breeds share a common ancestor. The Newfoundland was originally bred as a working dog, used for tasks such as hauling fishing nets and rescuing drowning victims. The Landseer, on the other hand, was bred primarily as a companion dog, although it was also used for hunting and retrieving.

The Landseer was first recognized as a distinct breed in the mid-19th century, and it quickly became popular among British aristocrats. Queen Victoria was particularly fond of the breed, and she owned several Landseers during her reign. The breed’s popularity declined in the early 20th century, however, and it was nearly extinct by the end of World War II.

In the years following the war, a group of dedicated breeders worked to revive the Landseer breed. They imported dogs from Canada and the United States, and they carefully selected breeding pairs to ensure that the breed remained true to its original characteristics. Today, the Landseer is still a relatively rare breed, but it has a dedicated following of enthusiasts who appreciate its gentle nature and striking appearance.

The Landseer is a large breed, with males typically weighing between 130 and 150 pounds and females weighing between 100 and 120 pounds. They are known for their calm and gentle temperament, and they are often used as therapy dogs. They are also excellent swimmers, and they enjoy spending time in the water.

In terms of health, the Landseer is generally a robust breed, although they can be prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia and bloat. It is important for potential owners to research the breed thoroughly and to choose a reputable breeder who conducts health screenings on their dogs.

Overall, the Landseer is a fascinating breed with a rich history and a loyal following. While it may not be as well-known as some other breeds, it has a unique

Landseer E.C.T. (European Continental Type) Dog

Size and Breed Category

The Landseer is a large breed of dog that falls under the category of working dogs. They are known for their impressive size and strength, with males typically weighing between 64-80 kg and standing at 72-80 cm tall at the shoulder. Females are slightly smaller, weighing between 50-64 kg and standing at 67-72 cm tall at the shoulder. Their coat is thick and waterproof, with a black and white colouring that is similar to the Newfoundland breed. The Landseer’s head is broad and powerful, with a gentle expression that is characteristic of the breed. They are a highly intelligent and loyal breed, making them excellent companions for families and individuals who are looking for a devoted and protective pet.

As a working breed, the Landseer was originally bred for water rescue and retrieval. They are strong swimmers and have a natural instinct to save people from drowning. In addition to their water rescue abilities, they are also used as therapy dogs and are known for their gentle and calming nature. Despite their large size, they are well-suited to apartment living as long as they receive enough exercise and mental stimulation. The Landseer is a breed that requires a lot of attention and training, but their loyalty and affectionate nature make them a beloved pet for many families.

Fur Length and Colour

The Landseer has a thick and dense fur coat that is designed to protect them from the cold and wet weather. The fur is typically longer around the neck, chest, and tail, while it is shorter on the legs and face. The fur is also water-resistant, which allows the Landseer to swim in cold water without getting too cold. The fur colour is typically black and white, with the black being the dominant colour. The white fur is usually found on the chest, belly, and legs, while the black fur covers the rest of the body. The black fur can have a slight blue or grey tint to it, which gives the Landseer a unique and striking appearance.

The Landseer’s fur is not only functional but also aesthetically pleasing. The fur is soft to the touch and has a slight wave to it, which gives it a natural and effortless look. The fur also has a slight sheen to it, which makes it look healthy and well-maintained. The Landseer’s fur requires regular grooming to keep it in good condition, as it can become matted and tangled if left unattended. The Landseer’s fur is one of its most distinctive features and is a testament to its adaptability and resilience in harsh environments.

Termperament and Trainability

Landseers are known for their calm and gentle temperament. They are friendly and affectionate towards their owners and are great with children. They are also known to be patient and tolerant, making them great family pets. However, they can be reserved with strangers and may require proper socialization to prevent any shyness or aggression. Landseers are also intelligent and eager to please, making them highly trainable. They respond well to positive reinforcement training methods and are quick learners. They are also known to be good swimmers and enjoy water activities.

Landseers are a highly energetic breed and require regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. They enjoy long walks and outdoor activities, making them great companions for active owners. They are also known to be vocal and may bark excessively if not properly trained. Landseers are prone to certain health issues such as hip dysplasia and heart problems, so regular vet check-ups are necessary. Overall, Landseers are loyal and loving companions that thrive in a loving and active home environment.

Landseer E.C.T. (European Continental Type) Dog training with owner

Known Health Conditions

Landseer dogs are prone to certain health conditions that owners should be aware of. One of the most common issues is hip dysplasia, which is a genetic condition that affects the hip joint. This can cause pain, stiffness, and difficulty walking, and may require surgery to correct. Another condition that Landseers are susceptible to is bloat, which is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition where the stomach fills with gas and twists. Symptoms include restlessness, vomiting, and a distended abdomen, and immediate veterinary attention is necessary to prevent complications.

In addition to hip dysplasia and bloat, Landseers may also be prone to heart problems such as dilated cardiomyopathy, which is a condition where the heart becomes enlarged and weakened. This can lead to heart failure and other complications, and may require medication or surgery to manage. Another potential health issue for Landseers is ear infections, which can be caused by their long, floppy ears that trap moisture and bacteria. Regular cleaning and monitoring can help prevent these infections from becoming serious.

Openness to Strangers

Landseers are known for their friendly and welcoming nature towards strangers. They are a breed that is always eager to make new friends and are quick to approach anyone who comes their way. Their open and sociable personality makes them a popular choice for families with children, as they are patient and gentle with kids. Landseers are also known to be great with other pets, making them an ideal choice for multi-pet households. Their friendly nature extends beyond their own family, and they are always happy to greet visitors with a wagging tail and a friendly lick.

Landseers are a breed that thrives on human interaction and attention. They are known to be very affectionate and love nothing more than spending time with their owners. They are also very loyal and protective of their family, making them great watchdogs. Despite their size, Landseers are not aggressive and are unlikely to show any signs of hostility towards strangers. Instead, they are more likely to greet them with a friendly bark and a wagging tail. Their open and welcoming nature makes them a great choice for anyone looking for a loyal and loving companion.

Playfulness Level

The Landseer is a highly playful breed of dog that loves to engage in various activities. They are known for their energetic and lively nature, which makes them an excellent companion for families with children. These dogs are always up for a game of fetch or a run in the park, and they thrive on physical activity. Their playful nature also makes them great at learning new tricks and commands, as they are always eager to please their owners. Overall, the Landseer is a fun-loving and lively breed that brings joy and excitement to any household.

In addition to their love for physical activity, the Landseer is also a highly social breed that enjoys spending time with their owners and other dogs. They are known for their friendly and outgoing personalities, which make them a popular choice for families and individuals alike. These dogs are always up for a good cuddle or a play session, and they have a natural ability to make people feel happy and relaxed. Their playful and social nature also makes them great therapy dogs, as they are able to provide comfort and companionship to those in need. Overall, the Landseer is a highly playful and social breed that brings happiness and positivity to any environment.

Suitability as a Pet for Children

Landseers have a friendly and gentle nature, making them a great choice as a family pet. They are known for their loyalty and love for children, making them an ideal companion for families with kids. Their calm and patient temperament means they are unlikely to become aggressive or overly excitable, making them a safe choice for children to play with. Additionally, their thick coat and size make them a great cuddle buddy for children who love to snuggle up with their pets.

Landseer E.C.T. (European Continental Type) Dog comfortable for kids

Exercise Needs

Landseers require a significant amount of exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. As a large breed, they need plenty of space to run and play, making them better suited to homes with a garden or access to open spaces. A daily walk of at least an hour is recommended, but they will also benefit from additional activities such as swimming, hiking, or playing fetch. It is important to note that Landseers are prone to joint problems, so care should be taken to avoid excessive jumping or running on hard surfaces. Regular exercise will not only keep them physically fit but also help to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.

In addition to physical exercise, Landseers also require mental stimulation to prevent boredom and anxiety. They are intelligent dogs that enjoy learning new things, so training sessions and interactive toys can be a great way to keep them mentally engaged. They also thrive on human interaction and enjoy spending time with their owners, so regular playtime and cuddles are important. As with any breed, it is important to tailor their exercise routine to their individual needs and abilities, taking into account their age, health, and temperament. A well-exercised and mentally stimulated Landseer will be a happy and well-behaved companion.

Landseer E.C.T. (European Continental Type) Dog ready for exercise

Suitability for a Multi-Pet Family

Landseers have a reputation for being friendly towards other pets in the household. They are known to be sociable and enjoy the company of other animals. However, as with any breed, individual personalities can vary and some Landseers may not get along with certain pets. It is important to introduce new pets slowly and supervise their interactions to ensure a harmonious household.

Housing Requirements

Landseers require a spacious and comfortable living environment that can accommodate their large size. They need a house with a minimum height of 6 feet and a width of 8 feet to move around freely. The house should have a sturdy roof that can withstand harsh weather conditions. The flooring should be made of non-slippery material to prevent any injuries. The house should have proper ventilation to maintain a comfortable temperature. It should also have a door that can be closed to provide privacy and security. Landseers require a house that is well-insulated to keep them warm during winters. The house should be cleaned regularly to maintain hygiene.

Landseers require a spacious outdoor area where they can play and exercise. The outdoor area should be fenced to prevent them from wandering off. The fence should be at least 6 feet high to prevent them from jumping over it. The outdoor area should have a shaded area where they can rest during hot weather. It should also have a water source to keep them hydrated. Landseers require a daily exercise routine to maintain their physical and mental health. They enjoy activities such as swimming, hiking, and playing fetch. The outdoor area should be cleaned regularly to maintain hygiene.


Landseers can make great pets for those who have the time and resources to care for them properly. They require regular exercise and mental stimulation, as well as a balanced diet and regular veterinary check-ups. They are known for their loyalty and affection towards their owners, but may be wary of strangers. It is important to socialize them from a young age to prevent any potential aggression towards other dogs or people. Overall, the Landseer can be a wonderful addition to a loving and responsible family.


Landseer E.C.T. (Europees Continentaal Type) Dog FAQS

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Landseers are intelligent and eager to please, making them relatively easy to train with positive reinforcement methods.

Yes, Landseers are known to be great with children and make excellent family pets.

Landseers are prone to hip dysplasia, heart issues, and bloat. Regular vet check-ups are recommended.

Landseers are large dogs and require a lot of space to move around. They are not recommended for apartment living.

Yes, Landseers are a high-energy breed and require at least 1-2 hours of exercise per day.

Yes, Landseers have a thick double coat and shed heavily twice a year. Regular grooming is necessary.

Landseers should be bathed every 2-3 months or as needed. Over-bathing can strip their coat of natural oils.

A Landseer can grow up to 71-80 cm in height.

The average weight of a Landseer is between 50-68 kg.

The average lifespan of a Landseer is 8-10 years. Proper diet, exercise, and regular vet check-ups can help prolong their lifespan.