Are you considering adopting a Chongqing dog breed as your next furry family member? If so, you are in for a treat! Chongqing dogs, also known as the Chinese Bulldog, are a unique and special breed that has been around for centuries. These dogs are known for their loyalty, courage, and affectionate nature. They are a medium-sized dog and are often compared to the English Bulldog in appearance. However, the Chongqing breed has a distinct look with their wrinkled faces, muscular bodies, and short coats. Before making a decision on adopting a Chongqing dog, it’s important to learn more about their temperament, exercise needs, and grooming requirements.

Breed Category: Working
Country of Origin: China
Average Size:45-55 cm
Average Weight:25-35 kg
Average Life Span: 10-12 years
Grooming Requirements: Moderate
Exercise Requirements:High

History and Origin

The Chongqing dog, also known as the Chinese Chongqing dog, is a rare breed of dog that originated in the Chongqing province of China. This breed is believed to have been around for over 2,000 years and is considered one of the oldest breeds in China. The Chongqing dog was originally bred for hunting and guarding purposes, and its unique appearance and temperament make it a popular choice for dog enthusiasts around the world.

The Chongqing dog is a medium-sized breed that is known for its muscular build and distinctive appearance. This breed has a short, smooth coat that is typically red or brown in color, and its face is characterized by its large, expressive eyes and wrinkled forehead. The Chongqing dog is also known for its strong, powerful jaws, which make it an excellent guard dog.

The history of the Chongqing dog can be traced back to the Han Dynasty, which ruled China from 206 BC to 220 AD. During this time, the Chongqing province was known for its rugged terrain and dense forests, which made it an ideal location for hunting. The Chongqing dog was bred specifically for this purpose, and its strong, agile body and keen sense of smell made it an excellent hunting companion.

Over time, the Chongqing dog became popular among the local people for its loyalty and protective nature. This breed was often used to guard homes and livestock, and its fierce reputation made it a valuable asset to farmers and ranchers. Despite its popularity, however, the Chongqing dog remained relatively unknown outside of China until the 1980s.

In the 1980s, a group of dog enthusiasts in China began to promote the Chongqing dog as a unique and valuable breed. They worked to establish breed standards and promote the breed to dog lovers around the world. Today, the Chongqing dog is recognized by several international kennel clubs, including the United Kennel Club and the American Kennel Club.

Despite its growing popularity, the Chongqing dog remains a rare breed, with only a few thousand dogs in existence worldwide. This breed is still primarily used for hunting and guarding purposes in its native China, but it has also gained a following among dog enthusiasts in other parts of the world. The Chongqing dog’s unique appearance and loyal temperament make it a popular choice

Chongqing dog

Size and Breed Category

The Chongqing dog is a medium-sized breed that originated in China. They are known for their muscular build and strong, sturdy frame. The average weight of a Chongqing dog is between 20-30 kg, with males typically being larger than females. They have a short, smooth coat that comes in a variety of colors, including black, brown, and red. Their ears are erect and their tails are typically curled over their backs. Chongqing dogs are known for their loyalty and protective nature, making them excellent guard dogs.

The Chongqing dog falls into the working breed category, which means they were originally bred for specific tasks such as hunting, herding, or guarding. They were originally used as hunting dogs in China, where they would track and catch small game such as rabbits and squirrels. Today, they are still used as guard dogs and are highly valued for their protective instincts. Chongqing dogs are known for their intelligence and trainability, making them a popular choice for police and military work. They are also popular as family pets, as they are loyal and affectionate with their owners.

Fur Length and Colour

The fur of the Chongqing dog is typically short and dense, with a glossy sheen that gives it a sleek appearance. The fur is usually a solid color, with shades ranging from deep red to light brown. Some Chongqing dogs may have a black mask on their face, adding to their distinctive appearance. The fur on their ears is often slightly longer than the rest of their body, giving them a cute and playful look. Overall, the fur of the Chongqing dog is low-maintenance and easy to care for, making them a popular choice for pet owners who want a dog that looks great without requiring a lot of grooming.

The Chongqing dog’s fur color can vary depending on their age and gender. Puppies are often born with a lighter coat that darkens as they grow older. Female Chongqing dogs tend to have a lighter coat than males, with shades ranging from light brown to reddish-brown. Male Chongqing dogs, on the other hand, tend to have a darker coat, with shades ranging from deep red to mahogany. Regardless of their gender, Chongqing dogs are known for their beautiful fur, which is one of the many reasons why they are such a beloved breed.

Termperament and Trainability

Chongqing dogs are known for their strong-willed and independent temperament. They are highly intelligent and have a natural instinct to protect their family and territory. Due to their independent nature, they can be stubborn and difficult to train. However, with consistent and patient training, they can learn to follow commands and become well-behaved pets. Chongqing dogs are also known for their loyalty and affection towards their owners, making them great companions for those who are willing to put in the effort to train them.

When it comes to trainability, Chongqing dogs require a firm and consistent approach. They respond well to positive reinforcement techniques such as treats and praise, but can become bored with repetitive training sessions. It is important to keep training sessions short and engaging to maintain their interest. Chongqing dogs are also highly active and require regular exercise to keep them physically and mentally stimulated. They enjoy activities such as hiking, running, and playing fetch. Overall, Chongqing dogs are a unique breed that require a dedicated owner who is willing to put in the time and effort to train and care for them properly.

Chongqing dog Ready for the training session

Known Health Conditions

Chongqing dogs are known to be prone to certain health conditions. One of the most common health issues that affect this breed is hip dysplasia. This condition occurs when the hip joint does not develop properly, leading to pain and discomfort for the dog. Chongqing dogs with hip dysplasia may experience difficulty walking, running, or jumping. This condition can be managed with medication, physical therapy, and surgery in severe cases. It is important for Chongqing dog owners to monitor their pet’s mobility and seek veterinary care if they suspect hip dysplasia.

Another health condition that Chongqing dogs may be susceptible to is eye problems. This breed is known to develop cataracts, which can cause vision impairment or blindness. Cataracts occur when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, and can be caused by genetics, injury, or age. Chongqing dogs may also develop other eye conditions such as glaucoma or progressive retinal atrophy. Regular eye exams and prompt treatment can help manage these conditions and prevent further vision loss. Chongqing dog owners should be aware of the signs of eye problems, such as cloudiness, redness, or discharge, and seek veterinary care if necessary.

Chongqing dog Breathing in fresh air contributes to overall well-being

Openness to Strangers

Chongqing dogs, also known as Chinese Chongqing dogs, have a reputation for being friendly and welcoming to strangers. These dogs are known for their outgoing personalities and their willingness to approach new people with enthusiasm. They are often described as being very social and affectionate, and they enjoy spending time with their owners and other people they meet. Chongqing dogs are also known for their loyalty and devotion to their families, and they are often very protective of their loved ones.

One of the reasons why Chongqing dogs are so open to strangers is that they are naturally curious and adventurous. These dogs are known for their high energy levels and their love of exploring new places and meeting new people. They are also very intelligent and quick to learn, which makes them excellent companions for people who enjoy training and teaching their dogs new tricks. Chongqing dogs are also very adaptable and can thrive in a variety of different environments, from busy city streets to quiet rural areas. Overall, these dogs are a great choice for anyone looking for a friendly, outgoing, and loyal companion.

Chongqing dog Welcoming Attitude towards Strangers

Playfulness Level

The Chongqing dog is a highly energetic and playful breed that loves to engage in physical activities. They are known for their love of play and their ability to keep their owners entertained for hours on end. This breed is always up for a game of fetch or a run around the park, and they are always eager to learn new tricks and commands. Their playful nature makes them a great choice for families with children, as they are always ready to play and have fun.

The Chongqing dog’s playful nature is also reflected in their social behavior. They are highly sociable animals that love to interact with other dogs and people. They are known for their friendly and outgoing personalities, and they are always eager to make new friends. This breed is also highly adaptable, and they can easily adjust to new environments and situations. Whether they are playing in the park or cuddling up on the couch, the Chongqing dog is always ready for a good time.

Suitability as a Pet for Children

Chongqing dogs have a friendly and loyal temperament, making them a great choice as a pet for children. They are also highly adaptable and can live in a variety of environments, including apartments and houses with yards. Their moderate exercise needs make them easy to care for, and they are generally healthy and low-maintenance. However, they can be stubborn and require consistent training and socialization to prevent any behavioral issues. Overall, Chongqing dogs can make wonderful companions for families with children who are willing to put in the time and effort to properly train and care for them.

Exercise Needs

Chongqing dogs require a significant amount of exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. These dogs are highly active and energetic, and they need plenty of opportunities to run, play, and explore. A daily walk is not enough to meet their exercise needs, and owners should be prepared to provide additional activities such as hiking, running, or playing fetch. Chongqing dogs also enjoy participating in dog sports such as agility or obedience training, which can provide both physical and mental stimulation. It is important to note that Chongqing dogs can become destructive or develop behavioural problems if they do not receive enough exercise, so owners should be prepared to commit to a regular exercise routine.

In addition to physical exercise, Chongqing dogs also benefit from mental stimulation. These dogs are intelligent and curious, and they enjoy learning new things and solving puzzles. Owners can provide mental stimulation through activities such as training sessions, interactive toys, or scent work. Chongqing dogs also enjoy spending time with their owners and participating in social activities, so regular playtime and socialisation with other dogs is important. Overall, Chongqing dogs require a combination of physical and mental exercise to stay healthy and happy, and owners should be prepared to provide a variety of activities to meet their needs.

Suitability for a Multi-Pet Family

Chongqing dogs have been known to coexist peacefully with other pets in the household. They are not typically aggressive towards other animals and can even form close bonds with them. However, as with any dog, proper socialization and training is important to ensure positive interactions with other pets. It is also important to supervise interactions between pets to prevent any potential conflicts.

Housing Requirements

Chongqing dogs require a living space that is large enough for them to move around freely. They are active dogs that need plenty of exercise, so a house with a garden or access to a park is ideal. The garden should be securely fenced to prevent the dog from escaping, as Chongqing dogs have a tendency to wander off if they are not properly supervised. Inside the house, the dog should have a comfortable bed to sleep in and access to fresh water at all times. It is important to keep the living space clean and tidy, as Chongqing dogs are prone to allergies and respiratory problems if they are exposed to dust and dirt.

Chongqing dogs have a thick coat that requires regular grooming to keep it in good condition. They shed moderately throughout the year, so it is important to vacuum the house regularly to prevent hair from accumulating. The dog’s diet should be balanced and nutritious, with plenty of protein and vitamins to support their active lifestyle. Chongqing dogs are intelligent and social animals that thrive on human interaction, so it is important to spend time playing and training with them every day. They are loyal and affectionate pets that make great companions for families with children or other pets.


Chongqing dogs have been bred for centuries in China and are known for their loyalty and protective nature. They are a popular choice for families and are well-suited to living in both urban and rural environments. However, potential owners should be aware that Chongqing dogs require a lot of exercise and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. They also have a strong prey drive and may not be suitable for households with small pets. Overall, Chongqing dogs can make great pets for the right owner who is willing to provide them with the necessary care and attention.


Chongqing dog Dog FAQS

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Chongqing dogs are intelligent and trainable, but can be stubborn at times. Consistent training and positive reinforcement is recommended.

Yes, Chongqing dogs are protective of their family and make good guard dogs.

Yes, Chongqing dogs are known to be good with children and make great family pets.

Chongqing dogs are generally healthy, but can be prone to hip dysplasia and eye problems. Regular vet check-ups are recommended.

Yes, Chongqing dogs have a thick coat and shed moderately throughout the year.

Chongqing dogs are active and require at least 1-2 hours of exercise daily.

A Chongqing dog can grow up to 50-60 cm in height.

The average weight of a Chongqing dog is between 20-30 kg.

The average lifespan of a Chongqing dog is 10-12 years.

Chongqing dogs are loyal, affectionate, and energetic. They can be reserved with strangers but are generally friendly.