Are you considering getting a new furry friend to add to your family? If you’re looking for a loyal and protective companion, the Bankhar Dog breed might be just what you need. Originally bred in Mongolia for guarding livestock, this breed is known for its fierce loyalty and protective instincts. While they may not be as well-known as other breeds, Bankhar Dogs make excellent pets for those looking for a devoted and brave companion. In this article, we will explore the characteristics and temperament of this breed to help you decide if it’s the right fit for your household.

Breed Category: Working
Country of Origin: Mongolia
Average Size:65-75 cm
Average Weight:45-60 kg
Average Life Span: 10-12 years
Grooming Requirements: Moderate
Exercise Requirements:High

History and Origin

The Bankhar dog, also known as the Mongolian Bankhar, is a large and powerful breed of dog that has been used for centuries by nomadic tribes in Mongolia to protect their livestock from predators such as wolves and bears. The breed is believed to have originated in Central Asia and has been used by nomads in Mongolia, Tibet, and other parts of Asia for thousands of years.

The Bankhar is a large and muscular dog that stands between 24 and 30 inches tall at the shoulder and weighs between 70 and 120 pounds. The breed has a thick, dense coat that is usually white or cream-colored, although some Bankhars may have black or brown markings. The breed is known for its loyalty, intelligence, and protective nature, and is highly valued by nomadic tribes for its ability to protect their livestock from predators.

The Bankhar has been used by nomadic tribes in Mongolia for centuries to protect their livestock from predators such as wolves and bears. The breed is highly valued by these tribes, who consider the Bankhar to be an essential part of their way of life. The Bankhar is trained from a young age to protect the herd and is fiercely loyal to its owner. The breed is also known for its intelligence and ability to think independently, which makes it an excellent guard dog.

The Bankhar is believed to have originated in Central Asia, although its exact origins are unclear. Some experts believe that the breed may have descended from the Tibetan Mastiff, while others believe that it may have originated in Mongolia. Regardless of its origins, the Bankhar has been used by nomadic tribes in Mongolia and other parts of Asia for thousands of years, and is considered to be one of the oldest and most important breeds of dog in the region.

In recent years, the Bankhar has become increasingly rare, as nomadic tribes in Mongolia and other parts of Asia have begun to settle in more permanent locations and rely less on traditional methods of livestock herding. As a result, the breed has been listed as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and efforts are underway to preserve the breed and its unique cultural heritage.

Despite its endangered status, the Bankhar remains an important part of the cultural heritage of Mongolia and other parts of Asia. The breed is highly valued by nomadic tribes for its loyalty, intelligence, and

Bankhar Dog

Size and Breed Category

The Bankhar dog is a large breed that originated in Mongolia. They are known for their impressive size and strength, with males typically weighing between 45-60 kg and standing at a height of 65-75 cm at the shoulder. Females are slightly smaller, weighing between 35-50 kg and standing at a height of 60-70 cm at the shoulder. Their muscular build and thick coat make them well-suited for the harsh Mongolian climate, where they were traditionally used as livestock guardians.

Bankhar dogs are classified as a working breed, specifically as livestock guardians. They are known for their loyalty and protective nature, making them excellent guardians for sheep, goats, and other livestock. Their thick coat, which can be either short or long, provides insulation from the cold and protection from predators. Bankhar dogs are also known for their independence and intelligence, which can make them challenging to train. However, with proper socialization and training, they can make excellent companions and protectors for their families.

Fur Length and Colour

The fur of the Bankhar Dog is typically long and thick, providing excellent insulation against the harsh Mongolian winters. The fur is composed of two layers, with a soft undercoat and a coarser outer coat. The undercoat is dense and woolly, while the outer coat is longer and straighter. The fur is usually a shade of tan or cream, although some individuals may have darker or lighter fur. The Bankhar Dog’s fur is an important feature that allows it to survive in the harsh Mongolian climate.

The colour of the Bankhar Dog’s fur can vary depending on the individual. Some Bankhar Dogs have a uniform colour throughout their fur, while others may have darker or lighter patches. The fur can range from a light cream colour to a darker tan or brown. The Bankhar Dog’s fur is an important adaptation that allows it to blend in with its surroundings, making it an effective guardian of livestock in the Mongolian steppe. The colour of the fur is also an important factor in determining the Bankhar Dog’s value, with lighter coloured dogs being more highly prized.

Termperament and Trainability

Bankhar dogs are known for their independent and strong-willed temperament. They were originally bred to protect livestock in Mongolia and have a natural instinct to guard and defend their territory. This can make them wary of strangers and protective of their family. However, with proper socialization and training, they can become loyal and affectionate companions. Bankhar dogs are also highly intelligent and have a strong work ethic, making them suitable for various tasks such as search and rescue, therapy work, and obedience competitions.

When it comes to trainability, Bankhar dogs require a firm and consistent approach. They have a tendency to be stubborn and may challenge their owner’s authority if they sense weakness. Positive reinforcement methods such as treats and praise can be effective, but it’s important to establish clear boundaries and rules from the beginning. Bankhar dogs are also physically strong and require regular exercise to prevent destructive behavior. They thrive in environments where they have a job to do and can use their natural instincts. Overall, Bankhar dogs are a unique and fascinating breed that require an experienced and dedicated owner.

Bankhar Dog training on snow

Known Health Conditions

Bankhar dogs are known to be prone to certain health conditions. One of the most common issues that affect these dogs is hip dysplasia. This condition occurs when the hip joint does not develop properly, leading to pain and discomfort. Bankhar dogs with hip dysplasia may experience difficulty walking or running, and may even become lame. This condition is often hereditary, so it is important to ensure that Bankhar dogs are bred responsibly to reduce the risk of passing on this condition.

Another health condition that Bankhar dogs may be prone to is bloat. This is a serious condition that occurs when the stomach fills with gas and twists on itself, cutting off blood supply to the stomach and other organs. Bankhar dogs with bloat may experience symptoms such as restlessness, vomiting, and a distended abdomen. This condition requires immediate veterinary attention, as it can be life-threatening. To reduce the risk of bloat, Bankhar dogs should be fed smaller, more frequent meals and should not be exercised immediately after eating.

Openness to Strangers

Bankhar Dogs, also known as Mongolian Bankhar, are a breed of working dogs that are native to Mongolia. These dogs are known for their fierce loyalty and protective nature towards their owners and their property. However, despite their reputation as guard dogs, Bankhar Dogs are surprisingly open to strangers. They are known to be friendly and welcoming towards visitors, especially if they are introduced properly. Bankhar Dogs are also known to be very social animals, and they enjoy being around people and other dogs. They are often used as companion animals, and they make great family pets.

Bankhar Dogs are also known for their intelligence and their ability to adapt to different situations. They are quick learners and are very responsive to training. This makes them ideal for a variety of tasks, including search and rescue, therapy work, and even as guide dogs for the blind. Bankhar Dogs are also very active and require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to stay healthy and happy. They enjoy going for walks, playing games, and participating in agility training. Overall, Bankhar Dogs are a versatile and adaptable breed that can make great pets for the right family.

Playfulness Level

The Bankhar Dog is a highly energetic and playful breed that loves to engage in physical activities. They are known for their love of running, jumping, and playing fetch. This breed is always up for a game of tug-of-war or a run around the park. Their playful nature makes them great companions for families with children or active individuals who enjoy spending time outdoors. The Bankhar Dog’s playful personality is infectious and they are sure to bring joy and laughter to any household.

Despite their playful nature, the Bankhar Dog is also a highly intelligent breed that requires mental stimulation. They enjoy learning new tricks and participating in obedience training. This breed is highly trainable and responds well to positive reinforcement. Owners of Bankhar Dogs should provide them with plenty of toys and activities to keep them mentally stimulated and prevent boredom. The Bankhar Dog’s playful and intelligent nature makes them a great choice for individuals who are looking for an active and engaging companion.

Suitability as a Pet for Children

Bankhar Dogs have a strong and protective nature, making them a suitable pet for children who need a loyal and watchful companion. They are known for their intelligence and obedience, which makes them easy to train and handle. Bankhar Dogs are also highly adaptable and can thrive in different environments, whether in a spacious home or a small apartment. They require regular exercise and mental stimulation, which can be achieved through daily walks and playtime. Bankhar Dogs are generally healthy and have a lifespan of around 10-12 years.

Bankhar Dog play with child

Exercise Needs

Bankhar dogs are known for their high energy levels and require a significant amount of exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. These dogs are bred to be working dogs and have a natural instinct to run and hunt. As such, they require a minimum of 60 minutes of exercise per day, which should include both physical and mental stimulation. This can be achieved through activities such as long walks, runs, hikes, and playing fetch. Bankhar dogs also benefit from training sessions that challenge their minds and teach them new skills. It is important to note that these dogs should not be left alone for extended periods of time as they may become destructive or develop behavioural issues.

In addition to regular exercise, Bankhar dogs require a balanced diet to support their active lifestyle. These dogs have a muscular build and require a diet that is high in protein to maintain their strength and energy levels. Owners should consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate diet for their Bankhar dog based on their age, weight, and activity level. It is also important to provide these dogs with plenty of fresh water to keep them hydrated during and after exercise. Overall, Bankhar dogs are a high-energy breed that require a significant amount of exercise and a balanced diet to maintain their health and wellbeing.

Bankhar Dog ready for exercise

Suitability for a Multi-Pet Family

Bankhar Dogs have a reputation for being fiercely protective of their owners and their territory. They have a strong prey drive and were originally bred to guard livestock from predators. As a result, they may not get along well with other pets, particularly smaller animals such as cats or rabbits. However, with proper socialization and training, it is possible for Bankhar Dogs to coexist peacefully with other pets.

Bankhar Dog happy with family

Housing Requirements

Bankhar Dogs are known for their strong and muscular build, with a height ranging from 65 to 80 centimeters at the shoulder. They require a spacious living area that allows them to move around freely and exercise regularly. A large, fenced yard is ideal for Bankhar Dogs to run and play, as they have a high energy level and need plenty of physical activity to stay healthy. Additionally, they need a comfortable and warm shelter to protect them from extreme weather conditions, as they are originally from the cold and harsh climate of Mongolia. A well-insulated dog house with a raised floor and a thick layer of bedding is recommended to keep them warm and cozy during the winter months.

Bankhar Dogs are highly social animals and thrive on human interaction. They require a lot of attention and affection from their owners, and should not be left alone for extended periods of time. They are also protective of their family and territory, and need to be trained and socialized from a young age to prevent aggressive behavior towards strangers. Bankhar Dogs are intelligent and obedient, and respond well to positive reinforcement training methods. They also require a balanced and nutritious diet to maintain their health and vitality, with a recommended daily intake of high-quality protein, carbohydrates, and fats. Overall, Bankhar Dogs make loyal and devoted companions for those who can provide them with the love, care, and attention they need.


Bankhar Dogs have been traditionally used as livestock guardians in Mongolia for centuries. They are highly valued for their loyalty, intelligence, and protective nature. Due to their strong instincts to guard and protect, they require experienced owners who can provide them with proper training and socialization. Bankhar Dogs are not suitable for first-time dog owners or those who live in small apartments. They need plenty of space to roam and exercise. Overall, Bankhar Dogs can make great pets for the right owners who are willing to invest time and effort into their training and care.


Bankhar Dog FAQS

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Bankhar Dogs are intelligent but can be stubborn, so early and consistent training is important.

Yes, Bankhar Dogs are known to be good with children and make great family pets.

Bankhar Dogs are generally healthy but can be prone to hip dysplasia and bloat.

No, Bankhar Dogs are large and active and require a spacious home with a yard to run and play.

Yes, Bankhar Dogs were originally bred as livestock guardian dogs and are known for their protective instincts.

Yes, Bankhar Dogs are active and require daily exercise such as long walks or runs.

Yes, Bankhar Dogs have a thick double coat and shed moderately throughout the year.

A Bankhar Dog can grow up to 70-80 cm in height.

The average weight of a Bankhar Dog is between 45-65 kg.

The average lifespan of a Bankhar Dog is 10-12 years.