Breed Category: Toy Country of Origin: England Average Size: 15-18 cm (at the withers) Average Weight: 1.5-3.3 kg Average Life Span: 14-16 years Grooming Requirements: High Exercise Requirements: Low History The Yorkshire Terrier is a small toy breed named for the region of northern England in which it was developed. This breed originated in the mid1800s and was bred for its ability to find and catch rodents in clothing factories and mines. Often referred to simply as the Yorkie, this breed is recognised as a terrier but is categorised as part of the toy group. There are several breeds that are thought to have influenced the Yorkshire Terrier, including the Paisley Terrier, Skye Terrier, terriers native to Scotland and perhaps the Maltese. In its early days, the Yorkie’s association with clothing mills made it initially popular with blue-collar workers. It later became more popular among the wealthy and the fashionable. Today it remains very popular throughout the world as a companion dog. Appearance This breed is remarkably small in size, typically not exceeding 3.3 kg in weight and 18 cm in height. The Yorkshire Terrier is born black and tan and its colour changes as it matures. When it has reached full growth it has a naturally long coat that is most often tan and blue in colour. Tan colouring is most prevalent on the dog’s head and legs, whereas much of its body is blue. Rarely, a Yorkie will be solid-coloured. Though it is unusual, dogs may have a coat that is black and tan or blue and gold. The coat is floor-length and very shiny and straight, requiring frequent brushing and grooming. Show dogs are often coated with special oil and wrapped in tissue paper or rice paper to avoid damage to its coat. Some owners have this breed groomed in a shorter cut to reduce the amount of work required to maintain its silky coat. Many female Yorkies sport a hair bow in top of the head, both for appearances and to keep fur out of its eyes. This breed sheds very little and is fit for those with dog allergies. In some parts of the world, the Yorkie’s tail is docked to a medium length. Left naturally, its tail is long and feathered. Temperament The Yorkie is small, but its personality is larger than life. They are very energetic, playful and have a bark that belies their size. Its frequent barking may be tempered with proper training. This breed loves to be in close proximity to its owner and, with proper training, is very sociable with all whom it encounters. It likes to be the center of attention and has a great sense of humour for such a tiny animal. The Yorkshire Terrier is content with a daily walk and does not need a great deal of exercise, but it does need considerable attention in order to remain a happy and fulfilled. Health There are a number of ailments and conditions that can affect the Yorkshire Terrier’s health. It is prone to a large number of genetic problems such as hydrocephalus, Legg-Calve-Perthes syndrome, cataracts, retinal dysplasia, tracheal collapse, corneal ulcers and patella luxation. This breed is known for its sensitive skin. They are also at risk for dental problems, so care should be taken to feed them only healthy foods. Female Yorkshire Terriers may encounter problems while delivering a litter and it is not unlikely for a cesarean section to be necessary. This small breed lives an average of 14-16, though a healthy Yorkie can live longer. Yorkshire Terrier Organisations in Australia Yorkshire Terrier Club of NSW Yorkshire Terrier Organisations in the UK Welcome to The Yorkshire Terrier and Toy Breed Rescue Yorkshire Terrier Organisations in the US American Kennel Club – Yorkshire Terrier Canadian Yorkshire Terrier Association Contact Us