Are you considering getting a Slovenský Kopov breed dog as your next pet? If so, you’re in for a treat! These dogs are known for their intelligence, loyalty, and exceptional hunting skills. Originally bred in Slovakia for hunting purposes, they make great companions for active individuals or families who enjoy outdoor activities. In this article, we will explore the characteristics, temperament, and care requirements of the Slovenský Kopov breed dog to help you decide if this is the right breed for you.

Breed Category: Hound
Country of Origin: Slovakia
Average Size:45-50 cm
Average Weight:16-20 kg
Average Life Span: 12-14 years
Grooming Requirements: Low
Exercise Requirements:High

History and Origin

The Slovenský Kopov, also known as the Slovakian Hound, is a breed of dog that originated in Slovakia. This breed is known for its exceptional hunting skills and is often used for hunting small game such as rabbits and foxes. The Slovenský Kopov is a medium-sized dog with a muscular build and a short, dense coat that is typically black or dark brown in color.

The history of the Slovenský Kopov can be traced back to the 15th century when it was first developed by Slovakian hunters. The breed was created by crossing local hounds with other European hunting breeds such as the German Hound and the Austrian Black and Tan Hound. The goal was to create a dog that was well-suited for hunting in the rugged terrain of the Slovakian mountains.

Over time, the Slovenský Kopov became a popular hunting dog in Slovakia and other parts of Europe. The breed was particularly valued for its ability to track game over long distances and its excellent sense of smell. In the early 20th century, the breed was officially recognized by the Slovakian Kennel Club and efforts were made to standardize its appearance and temperament.

During World War II, the Slovenský Kopov faced a significant decline in numbers due to the destruction of breeding programs and the loss of many dogs to the war. However, dedicated breeders worked to revive the breed in the post-war years and it has since regained its popularity as a hunting dog in Slovakia and other parts of Europe.

Today, the Slovenský Kopov is recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and is considered a rare breed outside of Slovakia. The breed is still primarily used for hunting, but it has also gained a following as a companion dog due to its loyal and affectionate nature.

In conclusion, the Slovenský Kopov is a unique and fascinating breed with a rich history and a strong connection to its Slovakian roots. Its exceptional hunting skills and loyal temperament make it a beloved companion for many dog owners, while its rarity and distinctive appearance continue to attract admirers around the world.

Slovenský Kopov Dog

Size and Breed Category

The Slovenský Kopov is a medium-sized breed of dog that originated in Slovakia. They are classified as a hound and are known for their exceptional hunting skills. These dogs have a muscular build and a strong, sturdy frame that allows them to navigate through rough terrain with ease. They have a short, dense coat that comes in shades of black or dark grey, and their ears are long and droopy. The Slovenský Kopov has a distinctive bark that is deep and resonant, making them excellent watchdogs. They are highly intelligent and have a strong work ethic, making them a popular choice for hunters and farmers alike.

As a hound breed, the Slovenský Kopov is known for their exceptional sense of smell and their ability to track prey over long distances. They are highly energetic and require plenty of exercise to keep them happy and healthy. These dogs are also known for their loyalty and affection towards their owners, making them excellent family pets. However, they can be quite independent and stubborn at times, so early training and socialization is essential. The Slovenský Kopov is a versatile breed that excels in a variety of roles, from hunting and tracking to search and rescue. They are a beloved breed in their native Slovakia and are gaining popularity around the world for their exceptional skills and loyal nature.

Fur Length and Colour

The fur of this breed is short and dense, providing excellent protection against harsh weather conditions. The hair is straight and lies close to the body, giving the dog a sleek appearance. The fur is typically black or dark brown, with some dogs having a small white patch on their chest or toes. The coat is easy to maintain and requires minimal grooming, making it a practical choice for owners who prefer low-maintenance pets. The fur of the Slovenský Kopov is an essential feature that helps the dog adapt to its environment and perform its duties effectively.

The colour of the Slovenský Kopov’s fur is an important characteristic that distinguishes it from other breeds. The black or dark brown coat provides excellent camouflage in the forest, allowing the dog to blend in with its surroundings and hunt effectively. The fur is also resistant to dirt and debris, making it ideal for dogs that spend a lot of time outdoors. The colour of the fur may vary slightly depending on the individual dog, but it is generally uniform and consistent throughout the body. The Slovenský Kopov’s fur colour is an essential aspect of its appearance and function, contributing to its overall effectiveness as a hunting dog.

Slovenský Kopov Dog different colours

Termperament and Trainability

Slovenský Kopov is a breed of dog that is known for its high energy and strong hunting instincts. They are a medium-sized breed that is highly intelligent and trainable. They are also known for their independent nature, which can make them challenging to train at times. However, with the right approach and consistent training, they can be taught to follow commands and perform a variety of tasks.

In terms of temperament, Slovenský Kopov is a loyal and affectionate breed that is known for its strong bond with its owner. They are also highly protective of their family and can be wary of strangers. This makes them an excellent watchdog and guard dog. However, they can also be prone to separation anxiety if left alone for long periods of time. Therefore, they require plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy. Overall, Slovenský Kopov is a breed that requires an experienced owner who can provide them with the training and attention they need to thrive.

Known Health Conditions

Slovenský Kopovs are prone to certain health conditions that owners should be aware of. One of the most common issues is hip dysplasia, which is a genetic condition that affects the hip joint. This can cause pain, lameness, and arthritis in the affected joint. Another condition that Slovenský Kopovs may develop is ear infections, which can be caused by a buildup of wax or moisture in the ear canal. Symptoms of an ear infection may include shaking of the head, scratching at the ears, and a foul odor coming from the ears. It is important to keep the ears clean and dry to prevent infections.

Additionally, Slovenský Kopovs may be prone to obesity if they are not given enough exercise and are overfed. Obesity can lead to a variety of health problems, including joint pain, heart disease, and diabetes. Owners should monitor their dog’s weight and ensure that they are getting enough exercise to maintain a healthy weight. Another condition that Slovenský Kopovs may develop is allergies, which can cause skin irritation, itching, and hair loss. Allergies can be caused by a variety of factors, including food, pollen, and dust. If a Slovenský Kopov is showing signs of allergies, it is important to identify the cause and take steps to avoid it.

Slovenský Kopov Dog breathing fresh air

Openness to Strangers

Slovenský Kopovs are known for their friendly and welcoming nature towards strangers. They are a breed of dog that is always eager to meet new people and make new friends. Their open and sociable personality makes them a popular choice for families and individuals who are looking for a loyal and affectionate companion. Slovenský Kopovs are also known for their intelligence and adaptability, which makes them easy to train and integrate into new environments. Whether they are meeting new people on a walk or welcoming guests into their home, Slovenský Kopovs are always happy to make new friends.

Despite their friendly nature, Slovenský Kopovs are also known for their protective instincts. They are a breed of dog that is fiercely loyal to their owners and will do whatever it takes to protect them from harm. This protective nature makes them an excellent choice for families with children or individuals who live alone. Slovenský Kopovs are also known for their high energy levels and love of exercise, which makes them a great choice for active individuals who enjoy spending time outdoors. Whether they are playing fetch in the park or going for a long hike in the countryside, Slovenský Kopovs are always up for an adventure.

Slovenský Kopov Dog angry for stranger

Playfulness Level

The Slovenský Kopov is a highly energetic and playful breed of dog. They are known for their love of play and their ability to keep their owners entertained for hours on end. This breed is always up for a game of fetch or a run around the park, and they are sure to keep their owners on their toes. Their playful nature makes them a great choice for families with children, as they are always eager to join in on the fun.

In addition to their love of play, the Slovenský Kopov is also a very intelligent breed. They are quick learners and are always eager to please their owners. This makes them a great choice for owners who are looking for a dog that is easy to train and willing to learn new tricks. Their intelligence also makes them a great choice for owners who are looking for a dog that can be trained for specific tasks, such as hunting or search and rescue. Overall, the Slovenský Kopov is a highly playful and intelligent breed that is sure to bring joy and entertainment to any household.

Suitability as a Pet for Children

Slovenský Kopovs are a highly energetic and intelligent breed, making them a great choice for families with active children. They are known for their loyalty and affection towards their owners, and are generally good with children. However, as with any breed, it is important to supervise interactions between children and dogs to ensure safety for both parties. Slovenský Kopovs require regular exercise and mental stimulation, so families should be prepared to provide plenty of opportunities for play and training. Overall, Slovenský Kopovs can make wonderful pets for families with children who are willing to put in the time and effort to properly care for them.

Exercise Needs

Slovenský Kopovs are a highly active breed that require a significant amount of exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. As a medium-sized breed, they require at least 60 minutes of exercise per day, which can be broken up into multiple sessions. This breed is known for their exceptional hunting abilities, and as such, they thrive in environments where they can engage in activities such as tracking, scent work, and agility training. Slovenský Kopovs also enjoy long walks, hikes, and runs, making them an excellent companion for active individuals or families who enjoy spending time outdoors.

In addition to physical exercise, Slovenský Kopovs also require mental stimulation to prevent boredom and destructive behavior. This breed is highly intelligent and enjoys learning new skills and tricks. Owners can provide mental stimulation through activities such as obedience training, puzzle toys, and interactive games. Slovenský Kopovs also benefit from socialization with other dogs and people, which can be achieved through regular trips to the dog park or attending training classes. Overall, providing adequate exercise and mental stimulation is essential for the health and happiness of this active breed.

Slovenský Kopov Dog running exercise

Suitability for a Multi-Pet Family

Slovenský Kopovs have a reputation for being independent and strong-willed. They are known for their hunting abilities and are often used for tracking game. When it comes to getting along with other pets, it really depends on the individual dog and their socialization. Some Slovenský Kopovs may get along well with other pets, while others may be more territorial and aggressive. It is important to introduce them to other pets slowly and carefully to ensure a positive outcome.

Housing Requirements

Slovenský Kopovs require a spacious and secure living environment. They are an active breed that enjoys running and exploring, so a large yard or access to open spaces is ideal. A fence that is at least six feet high is necessary to prevent them from escaping, as they have a strong prey drive and may chase after small animals. Additionally, they should have access to a comfortable and sheltered area where they can rest and sleep. A doghouse or covered porch can provide protection from the elements and a cozy spot to relax. It is important to note that Slovenský Kopovs are social animals and thrive on human interaction, so they should not be left alone for extended periods of time.

Slovenský Kopovs have a short, dense coat that requires minimal grooming. However, they do shed moderately throughout the year, so regular brushing can help keep their coat healthy and reduce shedding. They are a relatively healthy breed, but like all dogs, they require regular veterinary check-ups and vaccinations to maintain their overall health. Proper nutrition is also important, and owners should provide a balanced diet that meets their dog’s specific needs. Slovenský Kopovs are intelligent and trainable, but they can be independent and stubborn at times. Consistent and positive training methods can help them learn basic obedience and socialization skills. With proper care and attention, Slovenský Kopovs can make loyal and loving companions.


Slovenský Kopovs are a popular choice for pet owners in Europe due to their loyal and obedient nature. They are highly trainable and excel in activities such as hunting and tracking. Their intelligence and adaptability make them suitable for a variety of living situations, including apartments and rural homes. They are also known for their affectionate and playful personalities, making them great companions for families with children. Overall, Slovenský Kopovs make excellent pets for those who are willing to provide them with the necessary exercise and mental stimulation they require.


Slovenský Kopov Dog FAQS

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Slovenský Kopovs are intelligent dogs but can be stubborn, so consistent training is necessary.

Yes, Slovenský Kopovs are good with children and make great playmates.

Slovenský Kopovs are generally healthy dogs but can be prone to hip dysplasia and ear infections.

Yes, Slovenský Kopovs shed moderately and require regular grooming.

Slovenský Kopovs are active dogs that require at least 1-2 hours of exercise per day.

Slovenský Kopovs should have regular check-ups with a vet at least once a year.

A Slovenský Kopov can grow up to 50-60 cm in height.

Yes, Slovenský Kopovs are loyal and affectionate dogs that make great family pets.

The average weight of a Slovenský Kopov is between 16-20 kg.

The average life expectancy of a Slovenský Kopov is between 12-14 years.