Are you thinking about bringing a Pomeranian into your home as a furry companion? If so, you’re in good company. The Pomeranian is a popular breed known for its fluffy coat, playful personality, and small size. These dogs are great for apartment living and make for loyal, loving pets. However, before you make a decision, it’s important to understand the Pomeranian breed’s characteristics, care requirements, and potential health issues. Read on to learn more about this delightful breed and what you can expect from owning a Pomeranian.

Height: 20-28 cm
Weight: 1.4-3.2 kg
12-16 years
Moderate grooming required
Moderate exercise required

History and Origin

The Pomeranian is a small, fluffy dog breed that has become increasingly popular in recent years. Despite its current popularity, the breed has a long and fascinating history that dates back centuries. The Pomeranian is believed to have originated in the Pomerania region, which is now part of Germany and Poland.

The breed was originally much larger than it is today, weighing up to 30 pounds. It was used as a working dog, primarily for herding sheep and other livestock. Over time, the breed was selectively bred to be smaller and more suitable as a companion dog.

The Pomeranian gained popularity in the 18th century when Queen Victoria of England became a fan of the breed. She owned several Pomeranians and helped to popularize the breed among the upper classes. The breed became known as the “toy” Pomeranian due to its small size.

During the early 20th century, the Pomeranian became popular in the United States. The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1900, and it quickly became a favorite among dog lovers. Today, the Pomeranian is one of the most popular toy breeds in the world.

Despite its small size, the Pomeranian is a hardy breed that is known for its intelligence and loyalty. It is also a very active breed that requires regular exercise and mental stimulation. Pomeranians are often used in agility competitions and other dog sports.

In addition to its popularity as a companion dog, the Pomeranian has also been used in various roles throughout history. During World War II, the breed was used as a messenger dog and as a guard dog. Today, Pomeranians are often used as therapy dogs due to their friendly and affectionate nature.

Overall, the Pomeranian is a fascinating breed with a rich history and a bright future. Its popularity is likely to continue to grow as more people discover the joys of owning one of these adorable and loyal dogs. Whether you are looking for a companion or a working dog, the Pomeranian is a breed that is sure to bring joy and happiness to your life.

pomeranian dog

Size and Breed Category

The Pomeranian is a small breed of dog that is known for its fluffy coat and lively personality. They are classified as a toy breed, which means that they are one of the smallest breeds of dogs. Typically, Pomeranians weigh between 1.8 and 3.5 kilograms and stand between 18 and 30 centimeters tall at the shoulder. They have a compact, sturdy build with a short, straight back and a curled tail that sits high on their back. Their head is wedge-shaped with a short, blunt muzzle and small, erect ears. Pomeranians come in a variety of colors, including black, white, cream, brown, and orange.

Despite their small size, Pomeranians are a very active breed of dog. They are known for their high energy levels and love to play and run around. They are also very intelligent and can be trained to do a variety of tricks and tasks. Pomeranians are very social animals and enjoy being around people. They are also good with children and other pets, making them a great choice for families. However, due to their small size, they can be easily injured if not handled properly. It is important to supervise them around young children and to provide them with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to keep them happy and healthy.

Fur Length and Colour

The fur of a Pomeranian is one of its most distinctive features. It is a double coat, with a thick, soft undercoat and a longer, coarser outer coat. The fur is typically longer around the neck and chest, forming a ruff, and on the hindquarters, forming a plume. The fur on the legs and feet is shorter and feathered. Pomeranians come in a wide variety of colours, including black, brown, cream, orange, sable, and white. Some Pomeranians have a solid colour, while others have a mix of colours or a pattern. The fur can be a solid colour or have different shades and tones. The fur of a Pomeranian is often described as fluffy, soft, and luxurious.

The length and colour of a Pomeranian’s fur can vary depending on the individual dog. Some Pomeranians have shorter fur, while others have longer fur that requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling. The colour of a Pomeranian’s fur can also change as the dog ages, with some dogs developing a lighter or darker coat over time. Pomeranians with lighter coloured fur may be more prone to staining, particularly around the eyes and mouth. Regular grooming and cleaning can help to keep a Pomeranian’s fur looking healthy and shiny. Overall, the fur of a Pomeranian is a key characteristic of the breed, and is often a major factor in the dog’s appearance and personality.

pomeranian dog four different colours

Termperament and Trainability

Pomeranians are known for their lively and playful temperament. They are highly energetic and love to play, making them great companions for active individuals or families. However, they can also be quite stubborn and independent, which can make training a challenge. It is important to establish clear boundaries and consistent training from a young age to ensure that they understand their place in the household. With patience and positive reinforcement, Pomeranians can be trained to perform a variety of tricks and commands, but it may take more time and effort than with other breeds.

Despite their small size, Pomeranians have a strong desire to please their owners and are generally eager to learn. They are intelligent dogs and can quickly pick up on new commands and routines. However, they can also be easily distracted and may require extra motivation to stay focused during training sessions. Pomeranians respond well to positive reinforcement and praise, but harsh or negative training methods can cause them to become fearful or anxious. It is important to approach training with patience and kindness, and to tailor the training methods to the individual dog’s personality and learning style.

pomeranian dog training with special needs

Known Health Conditions

Pomeranians are prone to certain health conditions that owners should be aware of. One of the most common issues is dental problems, such as tooth decay and gum disease. This is due to their small mouths and crowded teeth, which can make it difficult to clean properly. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are essential to prevent these issues from developing. Additionally, Pomeranians are at risk of developing luxating patella, a condition where the kneecap dislocates from its normal position. This can cause pain and lameness, and in severe cases, surgery may be required to correct the problem.

Another health concern for Pomeranians is tracheal collapse, which occurs when the cartilage rings in the trachea weaken and collapse, making it difficult for the dog to breathe. This condition is more common in smaller breeds, and Pomeranians are particularly susceptible due to their small size. Symptoms include coughing, wheezing, and difficulty breathing, especially during exercise or excitement. Treatment may involve medication, weight management, and avoiding triggers that exacerbate the condition. Pomeranians are also prone to allergies, which can cause skin irritation, itching, and hair loss. Identifying and avoiding allergens is key to managing this condition.

Openness to Strangers

Pomeranians have a reputation for being friendly and sociable with strangers. They are known to be curious and inquisitive, often approaching new people with a wagging tail and a friendly demeanor. This openness to strangers makes them popular pets and companions, as they are always eager to make new friends and meet new people. Pomeranians are also known for their loyalty and affection towards their owners, making them a popular choice for families and individuals looking for a loving and devoted pet.

Despite their small size, Pomeranians are confident and outgoing dogs. They are not easily intimidated by new people or unfamiliar situations, and are often eager to explore and investigate their surroundings. This boldness and fearlessness can sometimes lead to a lack of caution, however, so it is important for owners to supervise their Pomeranians and ensure that they are safe and secure at all times. Overall, Pomeranians are friendly, outgoing, and confident dogs that make excellent companions for those looking for a loyal and affectionate pet.

Playfulness Level

The Pomeranian is a small and lively dog breed that is known for its playful nature. They are highly energetic and love to play with their owners, making them a great choice for families with children. Pomeranians are also very intelligent and can be trained to perform a variety of tricks and tasks, which can add to their playfulness. They are often described as being very curious and adventurous, which can lead them to explore their surroundings and get into mischief. Despite their small size, Pomeranians have a big personality and are always ready for a good time.

One of the most endearing qualities of the Pomeranian is their ability to bring joy and laughter to their owners. They are always eager to play and have fun, whether it’s chasing a ball or playing tug-of-war. Pomeranians are also very affectionate and love to cuddle with their owners, which can make them great companions for people of all ages. Their playful nature can help to keep their owners active and engaged, as they require regular exercise and stimulation to stay happy and healthy. Overall, the Pomeranian is a fun-loving and playful breed that can bring a lot of joy and happiness to their owners.

Suitability as a Pet for Children

Pomeranians have a friendly and playful nature, making them a great pet for children. They are also highly trainable and intelligent, which means they can learn tricks and commands easily. Pomeranians are also known for their loyalty and affection towards their owners, which makes them a great companion for children who need a friend. Additionally, Pomeranians are small in size, which means they can easily fit into a family home and do not require a lot of space. Overall, Pomeranians are a great choice for families with children who are looking for a loyal and playful pet.

pomeranian dog play with young boy

Exercise Needs

Pomeranians require regular exercise to maintain their physical and mental health. As a small breed, they do not need as much exercise as larger dogs, but they still require daily walks and playtime. A good rule of thumb is to provide them with at least 30 minutes of exercise per day, but this can be split up into shorter sessions throughout the day. Pomeranians also enjoy playing games such as fetch or tug-of-war, which can provide additional exercise and mental stimulation. It is important to monitor their activity levels and adjust accordingly based on their age, health, and individual needs.

In addition to physical exercise, Pomeranians also benefit from mental stimulation. They are intelligent dogs and enjoy learning new tricks and commands. Training sessions can be a fun way to provide mental exercise and strengthen the bond between owner and dog. Puzzle toys and interactive games can also provide mental stimulation and prevent boredom. It is important to provide a variety of activities to keep Pomeranians engaged and prevent destructive behavior. Overall, regular exercise and mental stimulation are essential for the health and happiness of Pomeranians.

pomeranian dog walk exercise

Suitability for a Multi-Pet Family

Pomeranians have a reputation for being friendly towards other pets. They are known to get along well with cats and other dogs, as long as they are socialized properly from a young age. However, it is important to note that every dog is different and some Pomeranians may not be as accepting of other animals. It is always best to introduce new pets slowly and under supervision to ensure a positive outcome.

Housing Requirements

Pomeranians require a living space that is comfortable and safe for their small size. A minimum of 4 square meters of living space is recommended for a single Pomeranian. The living space should be well-ventilated and have access to natural light. It is important to provide a comfortable bed for the Pomeranian to rest in, as well as toys and other forms of entertainment to keep them occupied. Additionally, Pomeranians require regular exercise, so access to a secure outdoor space is ideal. This can be in the form of a garden or a nearby park.

In terms of nutrition, Pomeranians require a balanced diet that is appropriate for their size and activity level. It is recommended to feed them small, frequent meals throughout the day rather than one large meal. Fresh water should always be available to them. Pomeranians also require regular grooming, including brushing their thick coat to prevent matting and bathing them as needed. Regular visits to the veterinarian are also important to ensure their overall health and well-being.


Pomeranians make great pets for those who are looking for a small and affectionate companion. They are known for their lively personalities and are often described as being playful and friendly. They are also relatively easy to care for, requiring only moderate exercise and regular grooming to keep their coats looking healthy. However, as with any pet, it is important to consider the time and financial commitment required to properly care for a Pomeranian before bringing one into your home.


Pomeranian Dog FAQS

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Pomeranians can be stubborn and difficult to train, but with patience and positive reinforcement, they can learn basic obedience commands.

Pomeranians can be good with children if they are socialized properly and trained to interact with them.

Pomeranians can be prone to dental issues, luxating patella, and collapsed trachea. Regular vet check-ups are important.

Yes, Pomeranians can live in apartments as long as they get enough exercise and mental stimulation.

Yes, Pomeranians shed a moderate amount and require regular brushing to manage their shedding.

Pomeranians need at least 30 minutes of exercise per day, such as a walk or playtime in the yard.

Pomeranians should be fed twice a day with a high-quality dog food, following the recommended portion size on the packaging.

Pomeranians should be groomed at least once a week to prevent matting and tangling of their fur.

The average weight of a Pomeranian is between 1.8 to 3.5 kilograms.

The average lifespan of a Pomeranian is between 12 to 16 years.