Breed Category: Toy
Country of Origin: Germany
Average Size: 24-30 cm (at the withers)
Average Weight: 3-6 kg
Average Life Span: 14-16 years
Grooming Requirements: Low
Exercise Requirements: Low


The Miniature Pinscher is a dog with German roots and is a cross between the Dachshund, Greyhound and Pinscher. The breed is thought to have first made an appearance many centuries ago, though record of the breed only dates back to the early-to-mid 1800s. Its name is derived from the German word pinscher, which means terrier. The Miniature Pinscher is known also by two popular nicknames: King of Toys, which refers to its status in the toy breed group, and Min Pin, an abbreviation of its full name.

They are similar in appearance to their cousin, the Miniature Doberman. This breed was originally bred in a smaller size to serve as a hunter that fleshed out rodents and snakes, but it is now kept primarily as a companion dog.


The Miniature Pinscher has a short coat that is very easy to care for, requiring occasional brushing and washing only when necessary. Brushing will help reduce shedding. The smooth, sleek coat comes in a variety of colours, including black, red, tan or brown. It commonly has lighter coloured markings in the eyebrow, muzzle, chest and leg regions of the body.

This breed is approximately 24-30 cm in height and 3-6 kg in weight.  It is a small, sturdy dog with an active, alert expression. It has wide-set, observant eyes that are dark in colour and ears that either stand straight up or are folded. The tail of the Miniature Pinscher is long and thin and is commonly docked in parts of the world where this practice is permitted.


The Miniature Pinscher is good-natured and gets along well with children and other animals so long as play does not become too rough for this small breed. It needs a daily walk or another form of exercise, but is generally well-suited for city or flat life due to its small size. It can also be trained to excel in obedience and agility exercises.

This breed is smart, fearless and vigilant, with watchdog tendencies. For this reason it tends to be reserved towards strangers and may be slow to warm up to new people. The Miniature Pinscher always strives to please its owners and has a very obedient disposition. It relies upon its owner for guidance and direction. Failure to give this dog adequate praise, discipline and attention may result in aggressive, nervous and unstable behaviour.

Though it loves spending time outside, it may be prone to barking or escaping by digging a hole under a fence, so it should be supervised when it is outdoors. Its small size and thin coat require a sweater or another form of protection when it is outside during colder months.


Like many other small breeds, the Miniature Pinscher is at risk of becoming obese if it is overfed, so care must be taken to ensure it has a proper diet with adequate exercise. This will also help minimise the risk of other health problems such as luxating patella, joint disorders and epilepsy.

This breed lives approximately 14-16 years, which is average for dogs of its size. A healthy Miniature Pinscher may live several years longer.


Miniature Pinscher Organisations in Australia
Miniature Pinscher Club of Victoria Inc

Miniature Pinscher Organisations in the UK
Miniature Pinscher Club of Great Britain UK

Miniature Pinscher Organisations in the US
American Kennel Club – Miniature Pinscher

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