Breed Type: Molosser
Country of Origin: Canada
Popular Names: Landseer European Continental Type (ECT)
Size: Giant
Height: (At the withers) Males 72 – 80 cm, Females 67 – 72 cm
Weight: Males 65 – 80 kg, Females 50 – 70 kg
Best suited as: Pet or show dog with an active owner or family
Lifespan: 10 years

Intro
Some consider Landseers to be a variation of the Newfoundland dog, but they are recognized as a separate breed by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale.

Appearance
In most ways, they look just like a Newfoundland – they have a stately, strong appearance with a heavy, broad head, and short muzzle. They have triangular pendant ears and brown eyes. They look dignified, intelligent, and kind. They have black noses.

They are heavily muscled and have longer legs than the typical Newfie. This makes them faster and more responsive. Their chests are not quite so deep as Newfoundlands, and also have shorter hair, no wooly undercoat, and their fur is less dense. Their coats are white with black patches on the body. Their heads tend to be black with white around the nose, and they have mostly white tails.

History
The first Landseer likely came as the result of breeding a white Newfoundland dog to a black one. Subsequent breeding made this a separate breed with defining characteristics as mentioned in the Appearance section.

They are named after Sir Edwin Henry Landseer, who in 1838, painted one of these dogs into a painting titled A Distinguished Member of the Humane Society. They were used on fishing vessels and acted as assistants to fisherman in Newfoundland, which is now part of Canada. They worked during World War I and II.

The breed became almost indistinguishable from other Newfies by the end of the 19th century. Only after some dedicated work by breed fanciers did they become noted as a separate breed in 1960. They are becoming more popular and can now be found all over the world.

Temperament
They are gentle, serene, and sweet. They share similar characteristics to the Newfoundland in that they love to be around people, enjoy being outdoors, and do best when involved in family activities. They get along well with children, although their large size and rambunctiousness as puppies can make them an unintentional hazard around wobbly toddlers and frail adults.

They can be prone to separation anxiety and become depressed and stressed out when left alone for too long. They can be destructive chewers. They are smart and need early and ongoing training and socialization. While stubborn, they love to please their owners and do best with praise and consistent, fair training. They do not respond well to harsh treatment.

They will act to protect your home, livestock, and children.

Care and Grooming
They require one to two brushings a week. Their fur is not quite so thick as a Newfoundland’s, but is still long and thick. Regular brushing or combing helps to remove debris, dirt, and dead hair. This also helps prevent mats and tangles.
They need to have their teeth brushed and their ears cleaned once a week. They need monthly nail clipping if the nails don’t get worn down outside. They are calm and don’t tend to be overly active if left to their own devices. This can result in obesity and associated health problems, so owners must ensure their dog gets adequate exercise. They need daily walks and regular play to keep in shape. They enjoy short games of fetch. They love to swim and do well in search and rescue activities. They also love casual swims at the lake or pool.

They do well as cart-haulers and enjoy competitive obedience, water trials, backpacking, weight-pulling, and carting competitions. Because they are a giant breed, care should be taken not to over-exercise these dogs before they are full grown. This can result in joint and cartilage damage. 

Health
These dogs live an average of 10 years. They are prone to heat stroke, entropion, ectropion, hip and elbow dysplasia, subaortic stenosis, patent ductus arteriosis, cysteine urolithiasis, bloat, acquired depigmentation, cataracts, medial canthal pocket syndrome, ectopic ureters, callus dermatitis, eversion of the cartilage of the nictating membrane, and megaesophagus.

Because they are a giant breed, care should be taken not to over-exercise these dogs before they are full grown. This can result in joint and cartilage damage.
Suitability As A Pet
They make wonderful family pets but care should be taken around young children and older adults who may get knocked over by an exuberant puppy. They make great companions for mildly active people who enjoy water sports or who have access to a body of water on a regular basis.

They do well in both city and country homes. Their large size makes them unsuitable for small apartments or homes.

They can be used to guard livestock.

Landseer E.C.T. (Europees Continentaal Type) Organisations in Australia
No club information listed

Landseer E.C.T. (Europees Continentaal Type) Organisations in the UK
Rescued a Landseer (Female Dog) Post Cards

Landseer E.C.T. (Europees Continentaal Type) Organisations in the US
Deutscher Landseer Club (DLC)
NEWFOUNDLAND CLUB OF NSW – NEWFOUNDLAND DOGS

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