Breed Category: Non-Sporting
Country of Origin: Japanese
Average Size: 30-35 cm (at the withers)
Average Weight: 5-9 kg
Average Life Span: 13-15 years
Grooming Requirements: Medium
Exercise Requirements: Low


The Japanese Spitz is a small dog native to Japan and similar in appearance to the Samoyed and the Pomeranian. It is a relatively new breed, developed only within the last century through a mixture of large and small Spitz breeds, though its friendly and warm personality has made it a fast favorite throughout the world.

This type of dog was bred specifically to be a companion dog and its small size and sunny personality suit it well for this role. The Japanese Spitz is both smart and good-natured, not requiring much more than attention and adoration from its family.


This breed has a stark white double coat of fur, which is thick and long. Brushing will help keep its coat in the best possible condition, though it does not require extensive grooming and it is not prone to profuse shedding. The coat has a soft and fluffy texture and a longer length around the mane and on its long, plumed tail.

This breed has a cheerful expression with round, dark eyes and a black nose. It will often cock its head to one side as if listening very intently. Its small, pricked ears stand in a triangular shape on top of the head.

The average Japanese Spitz weighs 5-9 kg and measures 30-35 cm in height.


In addition to its beautiful coat and sweet face, the Japanese Spitz also has a friendly and affectionate demeanor. This is a playful breed that enjoys toys and being active indoors. While they appreciate a daily walk and should not be confined indoors for extended periods of time, they do not need a great deal of exercise, making them an ideal choice for busy households or those looking for a lap dog. It also has a gentle and even-tempered nature, which makes it a great addition to homes with children.

Though the breed is not typically a compulsive barker, the Japanese Spitz is watchful and will bark to alert its owner to the presence of company. This breed is not aggressive, but is very loyal to its family and quite enjoys accompanying its owner in daily activities in and outside of the home.

The Japanese Spitz is naturally even-tempered, but poor training can lead to the development of behaviours such as growling and snapping or separation anxiety when forced to spend time away from its family. With proper guidance, this breed is welcoming of and friendly towards people and other animals.


This breed may appear dainty, but it is quite resilient. Patella luxation, skin sensitivities and tear duct problems may plague the breed, but there are no breed-specific conditions that endanger the life of the Japanese Spitz.

This small dog lives to be an average of 13-15 years of age.

Japanese Spitz Organisations in Australia
Japanese Spitz Club of QLD

Japanese Spitz Organisations in the UK
The Japanese Spitz Club

Japanese Spitz Organisations in the US
Japanese Spitz Club of America – Breeders & Puppies
Japanese Spitz Club of New Zealand

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