Breed Category: Utility
Country of Origin: France
Average Size: 58-70 cm (at the withers)
Average Weight: 45-55 kg
Average Life Span: 6-8 years
Grooming Requirements: Low
Exercise Requirements: High


The Dogue de Bordeaux is an enormous breed of dog native to France. This type of dog originally had a variety of utilitarian purposes, including assisting humans in hunting, guarding and hauling. In addition to its power in these capacities, this breed also has a reputation of being a wonderful companion.

This breed is thought to have ties to ancient molosser dogs, though much of its history remains unclear. It may have originated in France in the 14th century, where the breed is known to have been developed. It may also have developed from ancient Roman dogs used in battle. The Dogue de Bordeaux is thought to be closely related to other large dogs such as the Neapolitan Mastiff, Tibetan Mastiff and the Bulldog.

Though not terribly well-known throughout the world, the Dogue de Bordeaux has grown in popularity in recent years and is considered a beloved large breed.


The Dogue de Bordeaux is known for its tremendous size and powerful body. It measures an average of 58-70 cm in height and weighs approximately 45-55 kg. The head of this breed is massive. Though it has a short muzzle, it has a large, boxy head with oversized ears that hang down on either side of its face, amber or brown eyes and a light brown or pink nose.

The legs of the Dogue de Bordeaux are relatively short and it has a long, muscular frame. Its tail is naturally long and thin with a slight upward curve. The short coat is sleek against its loose skin. This breed sheds an average amount but requires little more than weekly brushing. It comes in several colours, though shades of red and fawn are most common. It may also have white markings on its chest, but minimal or no white colouring is preferred in show dogs.


The Dogue de Bordeaux is a powerful breed that should not be underestimated, though it has a history of being an easygoing and dependable companion. It bonds quickly with its family and enjoys spending a great deal of time with them. It is loyal and gentle with them and will gladly be protective when necessary, as it has natural guarding instincts. It does not generally bark without provocation. This breed generally gets along well with children and will peacefully cohabitate with other animals if properly trained.

Consistent and confident training will help this large breed learn what is expected of it. This intelligent breed has a willful nature and meets its potential only with proper guidance and companionship from its owner. The Dogue de Bordeaux will be happiest when it has a balance of physical and mental stimulation. One or more long daily walks are necessary and it also enjoys casual playing outdoors. Care should be taken not to overexert this breed in its youth, as it is fragile when growing at a rapid speed.


The rarity of this breed has sheltered it from many genetic conditions that could potentially plague it. Like many other large breeds, it may experience cardiac conditions or hip dysplasia.

Due to its massive size, the Dogue de Bordeaux is not known for its longevity, as it has an average lifespan of just 6-8 years.


Dogue de Bordeaux Organisations in Australia
Association of All Mastiff Breeds of Victoria
Club Patron Ms Lyn Harwood
President : Mr Brendan
Secretary Mr Ian Le Nepveu

Dogue de Bordeaux Organisations in the UK
Dogue De Bordeaux Dogs for Adoption and Rescue

Dogue de Bordeaux Organisations in the US
American Kennel Club – Dogue de Bordeaux
Dogue de Bordeaux Club of Australia

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