Breed Type: Bichon Frisé
Country of Origin: France
Also known as: Bichon Tenerife
Males: Height: 9.5 – 11.5 inches Weight: 11 – 16 pounds
Females: Height: 9.5 – 11.5 inches Weight: 10 – 15 pounds
Exercise Requirements: Vigorous
Care Requirements: High
Lifespan: 12-15 Years
Best Suited as: Performer, Companion
Overview: The Bichon Frisé (other names are Bichon à poil fries, the Bichon Tenerife is one of the smallest breed of Bichon type but they are larger than the Maltese. They originated in France, but they have been loved by the Italian and Spanish too, and they descended from Mediterranean Region. Their head has a rounded shape and its tail is long and curly. This dog is popular for its appearance. It is small like Maltese, sturdy and dapper. The Bichon Frise is a type of dog which is easy to deal with, since they are very cheerful and they enjoy playing games and curling up comfortably on people’s laps and the sofa. Since they are small and cute, they are often used as house dogs, but because of their appearance and size; they can’t be used as guard dogs..
Appearance: This breed is a small, lively and cute. It has white powder fluffy hair and long, curly tails. It also has a black nose and hanging ears that are covered with curly hair and deep dark rounded eyes. It is smaller than the common dog, and they are one of the rare dogs that do not molt. Their body is coated with cottony, curly and fluffy outer coat, combined with dense and softer inner coat. Their double coated curly hair is about 3 inches long, which causes its fur to stand up, making it fluffy and buff in appearance, and their breed is less hypoallergenic. It has a long neck and well defined chest that matches its size, which is 9.5 to 11.5 inches in height. They weigh 11 to 16 pounds and their life span is up to 15 years.
Temperament: Typical standards define the Bichon Frise as affectionate. This type of dog loves people of all ages, they are friendly, cheerful, and playful and they can be trained easily. All this pooch needs is few hours of walking a day and little time to play with the owner. They are said to be good companions for people, especially elders. Having a dog like this, is also like having a friend, they can also build a good relationship with other animals. They love being with other people and they become sad when they are left. Once they realized that they are important to you, they will surely demand much of your attention, like humans do. They are intelligent and charming, and they have lots of energy.
History: The Bichon Frise breed began in the Mediterranean region many centuries ago. They were transported by different sailors from continent to continent, and they were used for trading purposes. Then this breed became popular in different countries, especially in Spain, because of its unique cuteness and behavioral conditions, soon they became the favorites of the Italians. Their popularity continued through different eras, from Spain, to Italy and Europe. Because of this popularity, they were favored by France. In 1800s, these dogs lost their popularity, because of the different breeds of dogs that were popularized that time. For that, they became a common dog in the eyes of other people and other countries, to the extent that they were used in circuses and fairs for entertainment.
Care and Grooming: The Bichon Frise Dogs needs high maintenance when it comes to physical aspects. Their curly, fluffy and white hair must be brushed once a week and trimmed at least every two weeks. They are one of the most labor intensive breed of dogs that’s why the owner must be patient in grooming their dog. Grooming a Bichon Frise sometimes can be time consuming because of its double coated hair. The owner must have adequate effort and patience in brushing, trimming and bathing the dog moderately to achieve good results as for the dog and owner’s satisfaction. Aside from trimming the fur, the other parts of its body must be groomed like its nails, skin, ears, eyes and teeth is a way to check if the dog is free from illness.
In grooming the dog, it needs bathing and brushing that sometimes may take around 30-40 minutes. This is also a good time to check whether the dog is healthy or not and to remove dead hairs and lice. Make sure to brush its body parts like the neck, ears, legs, belly, tail and other parts. There are different tools to brush the fluffy double hair of this dog. The owner must take some consideration that this dog is small, that is why it must be handled properly while bathing. Owners may use spray hose to make it easier to rinse its fur.
Health: The Bichon Frise Dog has a life span of 15 years, like other dogs, it is also prone to different diseases. These dogs are more prone to liver shunts. A simple symptom of disease on this dog often leads to different complications that cannot be cured and later, it may cause liver failure, which may result to death. The dogs who suffer this kind of disease are those who do not have high protein, do not have interest in eating and those who are underweight.
Suitability as a Pet: This breed of dog loves children and people; they easily mingle with other people. Although they are furry, they are also less hypoallergenic so they can be taking cared by people even if they have allergies. They are active and intelligent in nature. They easily get depressed when the owner or different people around them do not give much attention to them, which results to depression and anxiety. They love to play and have fun with other people, they are lively, jolly and good companions too.
Training: There are different factors to be considered in training this kind of dog. First, the owner must be consistent in giving training. Owner must always stick with the instruction that he/she taught to his dog. But, the most important reminder, do not make them feel that you are punishing them; always remember that these dogs love companions. Secondly, the owner must train the dog repeatedly about the instruction that he wants to instill. Always consider the Conditioning Theory of Ivan Pavlov, which is about learning by doing repeatedly. And lastly, owners must socialize their dogs, better if they were still young. Remember also that the most effective motivation for these dogs is food.
Bichon Frise Organisations in Australia
Varieties of Bichon Related Breeds Club of Vic Inc
President – Mrs E Heck
Phone : 03 57831698
Secretary – Ms L Bolden
Phone : 03 59959595
Bichon Frise Organisations in the UK
American Kennel Club – Bichon Frise
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