Country of Origin: United States
Breed Category: Utility
Average Size: 55-65 cm
Average Weight: 32-43 kg
Average Life Span: 9-14 years
Grooming Requirements: Medium
Exercise Requirements: High

History

The Alaskan Malamute is a large, skilled Arctic dog that is native to Alaska. Thought to part of the Spitz family, which dates back thousands of years, this breed is likely the result of natural breeding among dogs kept by the Mahlemut tribe several thousand years ago. The Alaskan Malamute was historically used for working purposes. It is skilled at hunting, pulling cargo and is also used as a form of transportation.

This breed is often mistaken for the Siberian Husky and while they may share common ancestry, the Alaskan Malamute is larger in size. It is also thought to be related to the American Eskimo and the Samoyed breeds.

Though the Alaskan Malamute has retained its athletic nature and may still be used as a working dog, it is most commonly known as a companion dog.

Appearance

The Alaskan Malamute is a strong, sturdy dog that is large in size. It has a thick double coat of fur that provides it with sufficient insulation for cold Arctic temperatures. The large, plumed tail curves upward and gives the dog extra warmth when it is curled up and sleeping outdoors. Its coat comes in a variety of colours, including white, black, gray, red or sable. The only solid colour permitted in the breed is white, though most have multiple colours and shades. The breed often has a black mask around the muzzle and eyes. This breed’s coat gets thicker in winter months, so it is a medium to heavy shedder. Weekly brushing will help decrease the amount it sheds.

This breed has a large, wide head and oversized, erect ears. Its almond-shaped eyes may be brown or blue and are set wide apart. It has a long muzzle with a large, black nose.

The Alaskan Malamute measures an average of 55-65 cm in height and 32-43 kg in weight. The size of each dog can vary and males are usually visibly larger than females.

Temperament

The Alaskan Malamute is a breed that requires extensive physical exercise. It is inherently athletic and has tremendous endurance. This is not a breed that enjoys spending a lot of time indoors. It can live quite happily outdoors, so long as it has proper shelter, food and water. It should be walked daily and should spend time outside in a safe yard or piece of land. It also needs some degree of human companionship, as this is a naturally sociable breed.

This type of dog loves to spend time with its family, as it considers its people to be its pack. The Alaskan Malamute is generally welcoming of visitors as well. It should be supervised around small children and animals. Though it is a friendly dog, it is large and has an instinctive prey drive. With proper socialisation and exposure to a variety of people and animals, this dog will likely get along with all residents of its household.

This breed is not prone to excessive barking, though it can howl or be vocal when playing, communicating or alerting its owner to visitors. It is considered a gentle, dependable and affectionate breed.

Health

This breed is remarkably hardy, as it has inhabited frigid climates and has withstood harsh circumstances in Alaska. For this reason, it is not prone to many breed-specific problems. Proper breeding will help reduce the chance of genetic health problems such as cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy and heart conditions. As with most large breeds, it may experience hip dysplasia.

The average lifespan of the Alaskan Malamute is 9-14 years of age.

 

Alaskan Malamute Organisations in Australia
Akita Inu Club of Victoria Inc
Email : info@akitclub-vic.org.au
Telephone : 03 5428 9191

Alaskan Malamute Organisations in the UK
The Alaskan Malamute Club of the UK

Alaskan Malamute Organisations in the US
American Kennel Club – Alaskan Malamute
Alaskan Malamute Club of Victoria, Inc

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