Male Height (typical): 77-86 cm. (30-32 inches)
Female Height (typical): 72-77 cm. (28-30 inches) Size: Large
Male Weight (typical): 50-66 kg. (110-145 pounds) Female Weight (typical): 41-54 kg. (90-120 pounds)
Country of Origin: Turkey
Exercise Required: Daily long walks, intellectual stimulation
Expected Life Span: 12 – 15 Years Best suited as: Working Dog, Guard Dog
Other names: Turkish Kangal Dog, Karabash
Description – The Kangal Dog is a very powerful, fast breed that is used primarily for protection of both property and people. It was bred to effectively repel most intruders and will bond very tightly with its owner. It is slightly longer than it is tall and is typically found with a variable coat of white. This coat may also include hints of brown, gray and black as well. The breed has a double coat that is fairly short but very dense in its composition. This allows it to survive in extreme climates for long periods while on patrol.
Origin & History – The breed was originally started in central Turkey as a flock-guarding dog to help protect the many sheep and goats that grazed there. Because of the isolation of the remote areas where these dogs are bred, the breed has been able to maintain a very pure and consistent look for decades. Even though the original breed was started by the upper class and royalty, most of the breeding through the years was done by local villagers and shepherds to protect their flocks.
Temperament – The Kangal Dog is fundamentally a guardian dog and will thrive in situations that allow it to protect a flock from predators. It will also bond easily with a family and adopt them as its “flock” to provide the same protection when needed. The dog is very aware of the hierarchy of the pack and requires the family members it bonds with to be very strong and dominant in their interactions with the dog. This way, the Kangal Dog understands its order in the pack and will respect their owners. The dog exhibits its displeasure by growling and eventually biting if agitated, so great care should be taken when this dog is around children and smaller family members.
Exercise & Grooming – This is a very high-energy breed and requires a good amount of daily exercise to keep it satisfied. This may come in the form of a daily walk or run and can also include several days a week of unsupervised play in a back yard. The dog is also highly intelligent and requires a good amount of interaction with its owners, especially if it is not used for flock management. This interactive playtime allows the dog to bond with its owners and will help it establish patterns of positive behavior. Because the dog has been bred for the outdoors, it is a low maintenance breed that requires very little grooming. An occasional brushing with a stiff bristle brush a few times a month to remove tangles is all that’s required.
Health Concerns – The Kangal Dog has no known heath problems and should live a long and happy life if treated properly. The only concern is its interaction with predators it may encounter when it is trying to protect its flock. The natural instinct of the dog is to adopt an aggressive stance and only become physical when all else fails. These encounters may involve intruders like bears that are several times larger than the dog and could cause injury. These are risks that must be managed when the dog is used for protection of a flock and are not normally concerns for families keeping the dog as a pet.
Kangal Dog Organisations in Australia
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Kangal Dog Organisations in the UK
Kangal Dog Dog Community in the United Kingdom
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