In the event your dog is seriously injured, your prompt action could save its life. First assess the situation!: You may need to move the dog if it is still at risk, making sure you do not put yourself in danger.Restrain your dog, and check its heart and breathing: if these vital systems have failed,…

The ear is a vulnerable part of a dogs body. The outer ear flap is easily damaged, while the ear canal encourages the accumulation of wax, debris, and water, and provides an access point for a variety of infections. Common IndicatorsDogs with ear problems may show any of the following clinical signs:� Head and ear…

Facts Heartbeat arrhythmia, also known as cardiac dysrhythmia or irregular heartbeat, is a condition that describes abnormal electrical heart activity. The heartbeat may be too slow, too fast, too weak, too strong, regular, or irregular. Some dogs live with a mildly irregular heartbeat with no negative side effects, while others suffer from associated effects. Severe…

Facts Oral cancer is one cancer that grows and then spreads quickly and is often very hard to treat. In fact, as far as cancer goes, it is one of the most difficult to treat. Tumours found in the mouth are quite common and can be either cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). Mouth cancer is…

Brain cells have an enormous need for oxygen; if they are deprived, even for a few minutes, they are quickly damaged and can die completely. If a dog’s heart has stopped beating, oxygen is no longer being supplied to the brain. The heart must be restarted within a few minutes if a dog is to…

Facts A dog’s immune system is its defense system, made up of antibodies, white blood cells, and other substances. This defense system works to reject foreign bodies and attack infections. It differentiates between “self” cells and “non-self” cells by markers – called antigens – located on the surface of every cell in the dog’s body.…

Facts A heart murmur is an abnormal heart sound created by turbulent blood flow into, out of, or through the heart. Not actually a disease or illness in and of itself, a heart murmur is the result of another heart problem that causes the abnormal sounds. They may range from being minor to being indicative…

Facts The term Soft Tissue Sarcoma (STS) refers to a grouping of skin masses or tumours in a dog. All of the tumours are joined by connective tissues. These types of masses make up 15% of skin lumps that are found in dogs. Each of the tumours in the group has the same type of…

Cancers are diseases that occur in most animals, including dogs. A cancer results when a cell in a dog’s body starts to replicate uncontrollably, forming clumps of abnormal or cancerous cells called tumours. These cancer cells escape detection and trick the natural killer cells of the body’s immune system into not attacking and destroying them.…

Facts In a properly working heart, blood flows into the right atrium and is pumped into the right ventricle. After that, it goes to the lungs where it picks up oxygen and then flows back into the heart’s left atrium. Pressure causes the oxygenated blood to flow into the left ventricle and out of the…

Facts A dog that is suffering from bronchitis is suffering from an inflammation in its bronchial tubes. This inflammation can happen in one or both bronchi (respiratory airways). There are two forms of bronchitis which are acute and chronic. The acute form is most often due to a viral or bacterial infection. In many cases…

Feelings like anxiety evolved to protect dogs from danger. The cortex of the dog’s brain recognizes a threat or a stress and communicates with the rest of the brain through the limbic system, triggering a cascade of chemical changes that affect the entire body. But if these changes last too long, or get triggered too…

Facts The function of a healthy heart is to supply oxygenated blood to the body. First, it pumps blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen molecules, and pushes that oxygenated blood out to all of the organs and parts of the body. Once the oxygen is delivered, the blood returns to the heart to…

Facts Occurring only in lactating (and sometimes pregnant) female dogs, Eclampsia is a life-threatening disorder that sets in extremely fast, resulting in low blood calcium levels. Other names used are Milk Fever and hypocalcemia. Eclampsia is a serious disorder that needs to be treated immediately. If left untreated it will quickly result in breathing problems,…

Skin problems account for almost half of visits to the vet mainly because it’s easy to see when something is wrong. Parasites, and particularly the flea, are responsible for the majority of irritating skin conditions. You may never see it, but a single flea can lead to inflammation, scratching, licking, scaling, bleeding or crusting skin, erosions, ulcers,…

Euthanasia: a release from suffering Euthanasia means voluntarily ending the life of a dog suffering from a terminal or incurable condition. Some instances where Euthansia is likely the best option inlcude:- Irreversible disease that has progressed to a point where distress or discomfort cannot be controlled; Old age wear and tear that permanently affects the…

Facts A healthy canine heart has chamber walls that are flexible – they contract easily in order to pump oxygenated blood out to the body. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a type of heart disease with characteristics of thickening and concentric enlargement of the walls of the left ventricle. This causes the ventricular walls to become…

FactsBird Flu, also known as Avian Influenza or H5N1, is a viral infection that was found in large amounts of wild birds and poultry in Africa, Asia, and Europe. H5N1 is in fact a subtype of the Influenza-A virus, which causes the flu in birds. It is called “Bird Flu” because the virus has found…

Problems may occur anywhere in the respiratory system – from a tickle in the nose producing a sneeze, to trauma in the chest causing laboured breathing and clinical shock. Infections and disorders can occur in either the upper respiratory system, including the nose and windpipe, or in the chest and lungs – the lower respiratory…

Facts Heartworm is really not a disease, but an infection of Dirofilaria immitis, a parasitic round worm. While the name implies the worm resides in the heart, it actually starts out in the pulmonary arteries – the arteries that connect the lungs to the heart – and does massive damage to the lung tissue and…