The urinary tract is made up of the ureters, urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and prostate gland in males. The urinary system is responsible for producing, storing, and eliminating urine. Genital organs are also involved in the elimination of urine. Urinary tract disorders are diseases, infections, or obstructions that affect any part of the urinary system in dogs. Any disease that affects these areas of the body results in the buildup of waste or toxins in the canine’s body.

Traffic accidents, dogfights, and unexpected traumatic injuries are the most common causes of bleeding wounds. An injured dog may be in considerable pain, and must be treated with great care to minimize discomfort and reduce the danger of biting.

Poisons can enter the your dog’s body through its skin, by being inhaled, or by being ingested. As inveterate scavengers, dogs are most prone to swallowing poisons, but fortunately, most ingested chemicals are vomited straight back up. Nevertheless, vets still deal with too many needless accidents caused by not keeping dangerous substances safely stored out of a curious dog’s reach.

For male dogs that are not neutered, testicular cancer is among one of the most common conditions. Cancer can be described as a growth of cells in or on the body that has blown out of control. There are three different types of testicular cancer. These are seminomas, sertoli cell tumours and interstitial cell tumours.

Facts The aortic valve is one of four valves of the heart. De-oxygenated blood enters the right atrium via the vena cava. The heart contracts and pumps the blood through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle. After another pump of the heart, the blood goes into the lungs to become oxygenated. Once oxygenated, the…

Preventing dog health problems is better and cheaper than treating them.. Such problems include infectious diseases, internal and external parasites, physical accidents, unwanted pregnancies(naughty teenage dogs!), and diseases that might spread from your dog to you, or vice versa. Vaccination is the most important measure you can take to ensure your dog’s good health, but…

Facts Polycythemia, also called erythrocytosis, is a disorder in which the dog’s blood volume or concentration of the red blood cells (RBCs) increases. When this happens, the thickness or viscosity of the blood is increased and causes a multitude of problems. There are three forms of polycythemia: absolute, relative, and transient. Each has its own…

FactsMast cells are part of the body’s immune system, and participate to fight off parasites that may attack the respiratory or intestinal tract or the skin. When the body detects an invader, the mast ells product an antibody called IgE. The IgE covers the mast cell and “grab” the antigen, then releases a chemical harmful…

Dogs suffer from a variety of internal and external parasites. Regular grooming will help you spot early signs of infestation. Even some internal parasites leave telltale signs on the fur and skin. Particular vigilance is needed with puppies, which can inherit parasites from their mothers, and in warm weather when parasite populations explode, making all…

Many of the medical conditions affecting a female dog’s reproductive tract are extremely serious and can even be fatal, although risk of these disorders can be reduced by spaying. In contrast, few reproductive disorders affecting the male are life-threatening. Dangers During BirthThere are several risks to a female dog when giving birth. If she fails…

Facts Pulmonary hypertension is an elevated blood pressure of the lung vasculature (the pulmonary vein, pulmonary artery, or pulmonary capillaries). It can lead to heart failure if left untreated. By definition, any pulmonary arterial systolic pressure over 30 mm Hg, pulmonary arterial mean pressure over 20 mm Hg, or pulmonary arterial diastolic pressure over 15…

Telltale signs of asthma in a dog are not unlike those found in humans. A dog that seems to be wheezing, coughing and having difficulty breathing may be suffering of an obstruction in its airways, causing an asthma attack. People may be surprised to know that just like humans, dogs can develop asthma, and more…

The simplest way to give medicine to your dog is to hide it in food. Hollow dog treats are commercially available, but hiding a tablet in a piece of meat or bread, especially if coated with peanut butter, works just as well. Always check with your vet first, however, since some foods should not be…

Eye disorders account for a large number of visits to the clinic because they are amongst the easiest problems to recognize and always appear potentially worrisome. Understanding the signsCheck with your vet if you notice any of the symptoms below: they may simply indicate an allergy, but can also be caused by more serious concerns,…

Facts Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF), also called tick typhus, Tobia fever, fiebre manchada, and São Paulo fever, depending on the country, is a disease caused by the infective parasitic organism Rickettsia rickettsia. This organism is passed to dogs (and humans, as well as other mammals) when they are bitten by an infected Dermacentor tick.…

FactsLung cancer is disease that needs to be taken seriously and detected early. Lung cancer can be either metastatic or primary in dogs. No one gender or breed is more prone to it than another; however, just like with humans, if the dog is continually exposed to second-hand smoke, its risk of developing the disease…

In the event your dog is seriously injured, your prompt action could save its life. First assess the situation!: You may need to move the dog if it is still at risk, making sure you do not put yourself in danger.Restrain your dog, and check its heart and breathing: if these vital systems have failed,…

The ear is a vulnerable part of a dogs body. The outer ear flap is easily damaged, while the ear canal encourages the accumulation of wax, debris, and water, and provides an access point for a variety of infections. Common IndicatorsDogs with ear problems may show any of the following clinical signs:� Head and ear…

Facts Heartbeat arrhythmia, also known as cardiac dysrhythmia or irregular heartbeat, is a condition that describes abnormal electrical heart activity. The heartbeat may be too slow, too fast, too weak, too strong, regular, or irregular. Some dogs live with a mildly irregular heartbeat with no negative side effects, while others suffer from associated effects. Severe…

Facts Oral cancer is one cancer that grows and then spreads quickly and is often very hard to treat. In fact, as far as cancer goes, it is one of the most difficult to treat. Tumours found in the mouth are quite common and can be either cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). Mouth cancer is…