Facts A heart murmur is an abnormal heart sound created by turbulent blood flow into, out of, or through the heart. Not actually a disease or illness in and of itself, a heart murmur is the result of another heart problem that causes the abnormal sounds. They may range from being minor to being indicative…

Facts Known also as hypoadrenocorticism, hypocortisolism, and adrenal insufficiency, Addison’s Disease was first found in humans and then later found in dogs. The disease is described as an endocrine system disorder and takes place when the production of corticosteroid hormones decreases to such an amount that the body is no longer able to function normally.…

Telltale signs of asthma in a dog are not unlike those found in humans. A dog that seems to be wheezing, coughing and having difficulty breathing may be suffering of an obstruction in its airways, causing an asthma attack. People may be surprised to know that just like humans, dogs can develop asthma, and more…

Cancers are diseases that occur in most animals, including dogs. A cancer results when a cell in a dog’s body starts to replicate uncontrollably, forming clumps of abnormal or cancerous cells called tumours. These cancer cells escape detection and trick the natural killer cells of the body’s immune system into not attacking and destroying them.…

Facts The function of a healthy heart is to supply oxygenated blood to the body. First, it pumps blood to the lungs to pick up oxygen molecules, and pushes that oxygenated blood out to all of the organs and parts of the body. Once the oxygen is delivered, the blood returns to the heart to…

Osteosarcoma is the most common type of bone cancer in domestic dogs. It is an aggressive, malignant form of the disease that starts in the bones and spread to other parts of the body if not detected and treated. This type of cancer tends to metastasize quickly to the lungs and is usually fatal. Osteoblasts…

Facts Von Willebrand Disease, also called von Willebrand’s Disease (vWD) is a hereditary blood clotting disorder. This disorder occurs when a dog has in insufficient level of von Willebrand factor (also called factor VIII) – a plasma protein necessary for proper blood clotting. Factor VIII (vWF) is produced by the cells lining blood vessels and…

Facts Hypoglycemia, also called low blood sugar, is an abnormally low concentration of glucose in a dog’s blood. Glucose is produced when the dog consumes carbohydrates, and is used as energy for all the dog’s cells, activity, and basic body function. When the dog produces more glucose than it needs, that glucose converts to glycogen…

Facts Red blood cells (RBC) work to deliver oxygen to the dog’s tissues. This is done when the blood cells pick up oxygen in the lungs and release it to the body’s cells when the RBCs squeeze through the capillaries. This “pick up” is performed by the iron-containing hemoglobin (also spelled haemoglobin) biomolecule. The hemoglobin…

Routine home examination of your dog can reveal problems early, when they are easiest to treat. Regular, weekly sessions will also train your dog to submit to, and even enjoy, the process; it is far easier for a vet to make a diagnosis on a dog that willingly allows itself to be examined. Do not…

FactsLung cancer is disease that needs to be taken seriously and detected early. Lung cancer can be either metastatic or primary in dogs. No one gender or breed is more prone to it than another; however, just like with humans, if the dog is continually exposed to second-hand smoke, its risk of developing the disease…

Euthanasia: a release from suffering Euthanasia means voluntarily ending the life of a dog suffering from a terminal or incurable condition. Some instances where Euthansia is likely the best option inlcude:- Irreversible disease that has progressed to a point where distress or discomfort cannot be controlled; Old age wear and tear that permanently affects the…

The ear is a vulnerable part of a dogs body. The outer ear flap is easily damaged, while the ear canal encourages the accumulation of wax, debris, and water, and provides an access point for a variety of infections. Common IndicatorsDogs with ear problems may show any of the following clinical signs:� Head and ear…

Facts In a healthy body, the white blood cells (leukocytes) are an essential part of the dog’s immune system. They are produced in the bone marrow and work to defend the dog’s body against foreign invaders and infectious diseases. There are several different types of white blood cells (eosinophils, lymphocytes, platelets, basophils, monocytes, and neturophils),…

Facts Heartworm is really not a disease, but an infection of Dirofilaria immitis, a parasitic round worm. While the name implies the worm resides in the heart, it actually starts out in the pulmonary arteries – the arteries that connect the lungs to the heart – and does massive damage to the lung tissue and…

Eye disorders account for a large number of visits to the clinic because they are amongst the easiest problems to recognize and always appear potentially worrisome. Understanding the signsCheck with your vet if you notice any of the symptoms below: they may simply indicate an allergy, but can also be caused by more serious concerns,…

Facts Heartbeat arrhythmia, also known as cardiac dysrhythmia or irregular heartbeat, is a condition that describes abnormal electrical heart activity. The heartbeat may be too slow, too fast, too weak, too strong, regular, or irregular. Some dogs live with a mildly irregular heartbeat with no negative side effects, while others suffer from associated effects. Severe…

Facts The term Soft Tissue Sarcoma (STS) refers to a grouping of skin masses or tumours in a dog. All of the tumours are joined by connective tissues. These types of masses make up 15% of skin lumps that are found in dogs. Each of the tumours in the group has the same type of…

Facts Red blood cells, also called RBCs, are the most common blood cell in the circulatory system. They contain hemoglobin (also spelled haemoglobin), a biomolecule containing iron, that binds to oxygen in the lungs and delivers it to the rest of the body’s cells. Once the oxygen is released, the RBC then picks up carbon…

Facts Oral cancer is one cancer that grows and then spreads quickly and is often very hard to treat. In fact, as far as cancer goes, it is one of the most difficult to treat. Tumours found in the mouth are quite common and can be either cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). Mouth cancer is…